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School of Social and Political Science: Graduate school


Claire Leppold

Claire Leppold
Claire Leppold
School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh
Edinburgh UK
Research Interests
Global Health, Epidemiology, Mixed Methods, health inequalities and the social determinants of health, Disasters, Public health, Japan

PhD Title

Health Inequalities in Japan: Through the Lens of the Fukushima Disaster

PhD Supervisors

Dr. Sarah Hill and Dr. Sudeepa Abeysinghe


MSc Global Health and Public Policy, University of Edinburgh, 2015

BA Humanities and Japanese Language, University of Oregon, 2014


Graduate School of Social and Political Science Studentship 2017-2019 (University of Edinburgh)

Graduate School of Social and Political Science Scholarship 2016-2017 (University of Edinburgh)

Humanities Program Scholarship 2014 (University of Oregon)

Japanese Global Scholars Academic Scholarship 2013-14 (University of Oregon)

Joseph K. Starr Scholarship 2013-14 (University of Oregon)

Dorothy and William Green Foreign Languages Scholarship 2013-14 (University of Oregon)

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Uprety A, Ozaki A, Higuchi A, Leppold C, Tanimoto T (2019). The 2015 Nepal earthquake and worsening air pollution in Kathmandu. Lancet Planetary Health 2019;3(1):e8-e9.

Leppold C, Ochi S, Nomura S, Murray V (2018). The Great East Japan Earthquake, Tsunamis, and Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Disaster: Lessons for Evidence Integration from a WADEM 2017 Presentation and Panel Discussion. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 2018;33(4):424-427.

Morita T, Nomura S, Furutani T, Leppold C, Tsubokura M, Ozaki A, Ochi S, Kami M, Kato S, Oikawa T (2018). Demographic transition and factors associated with remaining in place after the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster and related evacuation orders. PLoS ONE 2018;13(3):e0194134.

Sawano T, Tsubokura M, Ozaki A, Leppold C, Kato S, Kambe T (2018). Legionnaires’ disease as an occupational risk related to decontamination work after the Fukushima nuclear disaster: a case report. J Occup Health 2018;60(6):527-528.

Abeysinghe S, Leppold C, Ozaki A, Morita M, Tsubokura M (2017). Disappearing everyday objects: The displacement of medical objects following disaster in Fukushima, Japan. Social Science & Medicine 2017;191:117-124.

Ozaki A, Tanimoto T, Leppold C, Morita T, Oshima K (2017). Social capital and cognitive decline after a natural disaster. Lancet Planetary Health 2017;1(6):e218.

Morita T, Nomura S, Tsubokura M, Leppold C, Gilmour S, Ochi S, Ozaki A, Shimada Y, Yamamoto K, Inoue M, Kato S, Shibuya K, Kami M (2017). Excess mortality due to indirect health effects of the 2011 triple disaster in Fukushima, Japan: a retrospective observational study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2017;71(10):974-980.

Leppold C, Nomura S, Sawano T, Ozaki A, Tsubokura M, Hill S, Kanazawa Y, Anbe H (2017). Birth outcomes after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Disaster: a long-term retrospective study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2017;15(5):542.

Ozaki A, Leppold C, Sawano T, Tsubokura M, Tsukada M, Tanimoto T, Kami M, Ohira H (2017). Social isolation and cancer management – advanced rectal cancer with patient delay following the 2011 triple disaster in Fukushima, Japan: a case report. Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 16;11(1):138.

Ozaki A, Tsubokura M, Leppold C, Sawano T, Tsukada M, Nemoto T, Kosugi K, Nishikawa Y, Kato S, Ohira H (2017). The importance of family caregiving to achieving palliative care at home: a case report of end-of-life breast cancer in an area struck by the 2011 Fukushima nuclear crisis: A case report. Medicine (Baltimore) 2017;96(46):e8721.

Ozaki A, Nomura S, Leppold C, Tsubokura M, Tanimoto T, Yokota T, Saji S, Sawano T, Tsukada M, Morita T, Ochi S, Kato S, Kami M, Nemoto T, Kanazawa Y, Ohira H (2017). Breast cancer patient delay in Fukushima, Japan following the 2011 triple disaster: a long-term retrospective study. BMC Cancer 2017;17(1):423.

Ozaki A, Yokota T, Nomura S, Tsubokura M, Leppold C, Tanimoto T, Miura T, Yamamoto K, Sawano T, Tsukada M, Kami M, Kanazawa Y, Ohira H (2017). Decontamination work and the long-term increase in hospital visits for Hymenoptera stings following the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness Mar 8:1-7. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2016.194.

Tsubokura M, Murakami M, Nomura S, Morita T, Nishikawa Y, Leppold C, Kato S, Kami M (2017). Individual external doses below the lowest reference level of 1 mSv per year five years after the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident among all children in Soma City, Fukushima: a retrospective observational study. PLoS ONE 12(2): e0172305.

Leppold C, Tsubokura M, Ozaki A, Nomura S, Shimada Y, Morita T, Ochi S, Tanimoto T, Kami M, Kanazawa Y, Oikawa T, Hill S (2016). Sociodemographic patterning of long-term diabetes mellitus control following Japan’s 3.11 triple disaster: A retrospective cohort study. BMJ Open 2016;6:e011455.

Leppold C, Tanimoto T, Tsubokura M (2016). Public health after a nuclear disaster: beyond radiation risks. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2016;94:859-860.

Ochi S, Kato S, Tsubokura M, Leppold C, Kami M, Shibuya K. Voice from Fukushima: Responsibility of Epidemiologists to Avoid Irrational Stigmatization of Children in Fukushima. Thyroid 2016 Sep;26(9):1332-3.

Leppold C, Tsubokura M, Kanazawa Y (2016). Parental wishes for continued internal radiation contamination screenings in Fukushima schoolchildren. Journal of Radiological Protection 2016 Dec;36(4):1008-1010.

Ozaki A, Leppold C, Tsubokura M, Tanimoto T, Saji S, Kato S, Kami M, Tsukada M, Ohira H (2016). Social isolation and cancer management after the 2011 triple disaster in Fukushima, Japan: A case report of breast cancer with patient and provider delay. Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Jun;95(26):e4027.

Leppold C, Ozaki A, Shimada Y, Morita T, Tanimoto T (2016). Defining and Acting on Global Health: The Case of Japan and the Refugee Crisis. Int J Health Policy Manag 2016 May 31;5(8):457-460.

Morita T, Leppold C, Tsubokura M, Nemoto T, Kanazawa Y (2016). The increase in long-term care public expenditure following the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster. J Epidemiol Community Health 2016;70:738.

Sawano T, Tsubokura M, Ozaki A, Leppold C, Nomura S, Shimada Y, Ochi S, Tsukada M, Nemoto T, Kato S, Kanazawa Y, Ohira H (2016). Non-communicable diseases in decontamination workers in areas affected by the Fukushima nuclear disaster: a retrospective observational study. BMJ Open 2016 Dec 14;6(12):e013885.

Leppold C, Tanimoto T, Ozaki A, Morita T, Sari PV (2016). Helicobacter pylori vaccination. Lancet 2016;387(10020):748-9.

Uprety A, Leppold C, Ozaki A, Higuchi A, Tanimoto T (2016). Post-earthquake Nepal: Lessons from Fukushima. Lancet Global Health 2016;4(3):e162.

Tsubokura M, Nomura S, Sakaihara K, Kato S, Leppold C, Furutani T, Morita T, Oikawa T, Kanazawa Y (2016). Estimated association between dwelling soil contamination and internal radiation contamination levels after the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident in Japan. BMJ Open 2016;6:e010970.

Sawano T, Tsubokura M, Leppold C, Ozaki A, Fujioka S, Nemoto T, Kato S, Oikawa T, Kanazawa Y. Klebsiella Pneumoniae sepsis deteriorated by uncontrolled underlying disease in a decontamination worker in Fukushima, Japan. J Occup Health 2016 Jun 16;58(3):320-2.

Morita T, Tsubokura M, Nomura S, Furutani T, Ochi S, Leppold C, Takahara K, Shimada Y, Fujioka S, Kami M, Kato S, Oikawa T (2016). Delay of Emergency Medical Service transport for 11 weeks after the 3.11 triple disaster in Fukushima. BMJ Open 2016 Sep 28;6(9):e013205.

Tsuda K, Yamamoto K, Leppold C, Tanimoto T, Kusumi E, Komatsu T, Kami M (2016). Trends of media coverage on human papillomavirus vaccination in Japan. Clin Infect Dis 2016 Sep 22 doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw647

Tsubokura M, Nomura S, Watanobe H, Nishikawa Y, Suzuki C, Ochi S, Leppold C, Kinoshita H, Kato S, Saito Y (2016). Assessment of nutritional status of iodine through urinary iodine screening among local children and adolescents after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Thyroid 2016 Oct 19 doi:10.1089/thy.2016.0313

Yamamoto K, Ozaki A, Tanimoto T, Leppold C, Kanazawa Y (2016). Solutions to physician undersupply in rural areas: from the experience of rural Fukushima. Rural and Remote Health 2016 Oct-Dec;16(4):4031.

Media Articles

Leppold C (2016). Fukushima and the Art of Knowing. Huffington Post. Jun 18, 2016. Available at: [Japanese language]

Leppold C (2016). Nepal: Natural and human disasters. Huffington Post. Mar 23, 2016. Available at: [Japanese language]

Leppold C (2015). Disaster areas and non-communicable diseases. Tokyo Shinbun. Dec 23, 2015 [Japanese language]

Conference Presentations

Ochi S, Nomura S, Leppold C, Murray V. Great East Japan Earthquake, Tsunami, and Fukushima Nuclear Disaster in 2011 — How can the Outcomes be used for Implementing the Sendai Framework? (panel) WADEM Congress on Disaster and Emergency Medicine, April 25, 2017

Leppold C. The Minamisoma Babies Study: Health At Birth in the Four Years Following the 3.11 Triple Disaster (keynote presentation). International Symposium on Disaster Management and Recovery for Children and Communities. Soma, Fukushima, Japan, May 8, 2016


English (native)

Japanese (fluent)