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School of Social and Political Science: Graduate school


Liliana Manzano

Liliana Manzano
Liliana Manzano
Social Policy School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh
Edinburgh UK EH8 9LD
Research Interests
Criminology, Crime prevention, Social exclusion and violence, Public policy, Quantitative Research, Neighborhood-effects, Multi-level modelling

Research Interest

Liliana Manzano is PhD candidate in Social Policy. Her research attempts to explain why in poor Latin American neighborhoods, characterized by high residential stability and strong social cohesion, the levels of crime victimization and violence are high, which made a challenge for social disorganization theory. To address this challenge, the study seeks for complementary explanations within cultural approaches to crime. According the cultural-frame approach, the presence of dense ties and frequent exchanges between law-abiding residents and delinquents may inhibit the community's interest to report crimes and to cooperate with the police. Besides, the weak presence of law enforcement agencies and resident's global distrust in those institutions reduce incentives to engage in informal control actions and favor the emergence of "legal cynicism". This cultural-frame may have direct on the rise of violent victimization. When residents do not trust in the police, they prefer to solve conflicts by their own means, including violent measures. Legal cynicism may also have an indirect effect on victimization, when it contributes to the reduction of informal control.

Then is worthy to ask, to what extent structural conditions, community organization and legal cynicism influence the experience of victimization across Santiago neighborhoods. For answering this question, Multilevel Structural Equation Models will be tested using a data set (5,861 cases nested in 242 neighborhoods) from a previous study, carried out by the University of Chile. The multilevel analysis may illustrate how social organization and culture deferentially mediate the impact of structural conditions on violent and property victimization, providing a useful holistic framework for further research in Latin American cities.

PhD title

Violent and Property Victimization in Santiago Disadvantaged Neighborhoods: An Extended Model of Social Disorganization and Cultural-Frame Approaches.

PhD Supervisors

Dr Paul Norris, Professor Susan McVie

Funding Source

Scholarship from the National Council for the Research in Sciences and Technology (CONICYT), Ministry of Education,Government of Chile.

Academic Background

  • MSc in Social Research Methods, London School of Economics and Political Science, 2011
  • Master in Management and Public Policies, University of Chile, 2005
  • BA in Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Chile, 1998-2002

Distinctions and Awards

  • Academic Excellence Award in "Master in Management and Public Policies". Industrial Engineering Department, Faculty of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, University of Chile (December 2005).
  • Professor Enzo Faletto Award, for the best thesis in Sociology of University of Chile, between 2003 and 2004 (July 2005).



-Manzano, Liliana (2009), Violence in vulnerable neighbourhoods: theoretical explanations and intervention strategies about community role. CESC, University of Chile, Santiago: Ril Editors.

-Dammert, L., Díaz, J., Iribarne, J., Manzano, L., Neicún, J. and J. P. Piña (2006), Diagnostics and local plan of citizen safety: Experiences and Challenges. Studies series at CESC, INAP, University of Chile. 
-Dammert, L., Karmy, R. and L. Manzano (2005), Citizenship, public space and fear of crime in Chile. Studies series at CESC, INAP, University of Chile. 


- Manzano, Liliana (2012), "The Effectiveness of Substance Abuse Treatment in Reducing Alcohol and Drug Use and Recidivism of Convicted Chileans". Paper presented at the 3st Annual Meeting of Chilean Society of Public Policies, in Santiago of Chile, January 2012 (in forum about Justice and Citizen Safety). 

-Manzano,L., Arriagada M., and R.Nespolo (2009), "The influences of collective efficacy on violence and Crime in the two neighbourhoods of Santiago of Chile: Legua Emergencia and Yungay". Quinto Congreso Nacional de Investigación sobre Violencia y Delincuencia 2008, pp. 181-204.

-Manzano, L. (2006), "National Policies of Citizen Safety in Latin America: Comparative Analysis". Bolletin + Community + Prevention, CESC-University of Chile, Nº 5, pp. 2-12.

-Manzano, L. (2006), "Socio-economic levels and social class in Chile, 1973-1990." Revista de Sociologia, Sociology Department, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Chile,  Nº 20, pp. 97-130.

Papers in Spanish and English

 -Olavarria, M., Tocornal, X., Manzano, L. and H. Frühling (2008), "Urban Crime and Violence. Ecology of crime contributions to public policies design". Revista INVI, 23(64), 19-59.