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School of Social and Political Science: Staff profiles


Hazel Gray

Hazel Gray
Dr Hazel Gray
Lecturer in African Studies and Development
5.26 Chrystal Macmillan Building 15a George Square Edinburgh UK EH8 9 LD
+44 (0)1316515534

Guidance and Feedback Hours

  • Wednesdays 14.00 - 16.00 during semester

Research Interests

My research interests concern the political economy of development in Africa, industrial policy and industrialization, state-business relations, institutions and economic performance, socialism and post-socialism in Africa. My regional focus is on East Africa and I worked for three years at the Ministry of Finance in Tanzania. I have been involved in policy work with national and international development agencies on issues of economic transformation, governance and public financial management.

BA Politics, Philosophy and Economics (University of Oxford)
MSc Political Economy of Development, Department of Economics (SOAS)
PhD, Department of Economics, (SOAS)
Programme Director, MSc Global Challenges - Distance Learning Programme
Course Convenor - Economic Development and Change in Africa (PG Course)
Course Convenor - Africa in the Contemporary World (UG Course) 
I am interested in supervising PhD theses that focus on the following areas: Political economy of development, the state and economic development and change in Africa, industrialization and industrial policy in Africa, political economy of institutions in Africa, comparative political economy of Asia/Africa
Current PhD Students
Hannah Cook
Juliet Wairimu Kariuki
Amelia Kuch
Stina Moldrup Wolff



'Access Orders and the 'New' New Institutional Economics of Development' Development and Change, (January 2016) 47, 1, 51 - 75 

'The Political Economy of Grand Corruption in Tanzania' African Affairs, 114, 456, (July 2015) 382 - 403,

'Industrial Policyand the Political Settlement in Tanzania:  Aspects of Continuity and Change Since Independence', Review of African Political Economy, 40.136 (2013), 185-201.


Turbulence and Order in Economic Development: The political settlement and economic transformation in Tanzania and Vietnam (Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2017).

Book Chapters

‘Good Governance and Growth in Africa: What can we learn from Tanzania?' in V. Padayachaee (ed.), The Political Economy of Africa (London: Routledge, 2010) (with Mushtaq Khan).

Working Papers

'Situating Social Policy in Economic Transformation: A Conceptual Framework' Background Paper for the Tanzania Human Development Report 2017. (mimeo, 2016, with Marc Wuyts)

'Reframing African political economy: clientelism, rents and accumulation as drivers of capitalist transformation', LSE International Development Working Paper Series, No. 159 (2014) (with Lindsay Whitfield).

'The Return of Industrial Policy to Africa: A Critical Review of the New Consensus' (mimeo, 2013, under review).

Policy Reports and Publications

Economic transformation in the making: going beyond growth’ In: Tanzania Human Development Report 2014: Economic Transformation for Human Development. Ministry of Finance, UNDP, Economic and Social Research Foundation, Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania, Chapter 2, 22-44. ISBN 9789987770007 (

‘Governance for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence and New Directions Reviewed’. Background paper for the DFID/World Bank Conference on Governance for Economic Growth in Developing Countries: What Matters and Can We Measure It?  June 2007. Available at

‘State Weakness in Developing Countries and Strategies of Institutional Reform – Operational Implications for Anti-Corruption Policy and A Case Study of Tanzania’. Mushtaq Khan and Hazel Gray for DFID, UK, September 2006.

Book Reviews

Michael F. Lofchie, The Political Economy of Tanzania: Decline and Recovery (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014), The Journal of Modern Africa Studies, 53 (2015), pp. 257-8. DOI:10.1017/S0022278X15000282.

David Booth and Diana Cammack, Governance for Development in Africa: Solving Collective Action Problems (London: Zed Books, 2013), Journal of Development Studies, 50.9 (2014), 1323-4. ISSN 0022-0388.

Topics interested in supervising

Political economy of development in Africa, economic development, industrial policy, governance and economic development, socialism and post-socialism in Africa, property rights, Tanzania, East Africa, state-business relations, political economy of institutions in Africa

If you are interested in being supervised by Hazel Gray, please see the links below for more information:

PhD In African Studies; PhD in International Development