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Steve Kirkwood

Steve Kirkwood
Name
Dr Steve Kirkwood
Title
Senior Lecturer in Social Work
Address
2.22 Chrystal Macmillan Building 15a George Square Edinburgh UK EH8 9LD
Telephone
+44 (0)131 650 6646
Email
Research Interests
Criminal Justice, Restorative Justice, Asylum, Discourse Analysis, Identity, Refugees
URL
http://www.sps.ed.ac.uk/staff/social_work/kirkwood_s

Guidance and Feedback Hours

  • Tuesdays 9:00-10:00am during teaching weeks or by appointment

Background

I am originally from Wellington, Aotearoa / New Zealand, where I completed an honours degree in English Literature and Psychology and an MSc in Psychology at Victoria University of Wellington. My MSc focused on the topic of identity and indigenous rights. I then moved to Edinburgh where I worked as a Research Officer for the Community Justice charity, Sacro, from 2005-2009, undertaking research on a range of interventions and policy topics including Restorative Justice, supported accommodation services for ex-offenders, bail supervision, alcohol education interventions, support for street sex workers and mediation services. In 2009 I began a PhD in Psychology at the University of Edinburgh on the integration of asylum seekers and refugees in Scotland. In 2012 I completed my PhD and began working as a lecturer in Social Work at the University of Edinburgh.

Research

Broadly I am interested in issues related to justice, equality and identity. More specifically, I am interested in criminal justice, particularly restorative justice and desistance from offending. I am also interested in topics relating to asylum seekers and refugees as well as racism, prejudice and discrimination. I have used a range of research methods in my research, particularly discourse analysis as well as various forms of statistical analysis and evaluation methodologies.

I am co-lead on the knowledge exchange programme 'Developing Restorative Justice in Scotland: Learning from local and international experience', funded by the Scottish Universities Insight Institute. 

I am currently analysing UK parliamentary debates on the European refugee 'crisis', focusing on the humanisation of refugees and references to history. 

I worked with colleagues at Ipsos MORI, the University of Stirling and the University of Glasgow to undertake an evaluation of the Scottish Government's Reducing Reoffending Change Fund

I worked with Prof Viv Cree and the social media analysis company SoDash, exploring the potential for using Artificial Intelligence to assist with social science research on feminism and Twitter.

I was Co-Investigator on the Camphill Social Pedagogy Pilot Evaluation, with Dr Autumn Roesch-Marsh and Sheila Cooper. 

I have conducted a study that applies discourse analysis to video recordings of criminal justice social work groupwork sessions with people on community sentences. 

Click here to view my Google Scholar page.

Click here to view my entry in Edinburgh Research Explorer, which includes links to open access versions of my publications.

You can follow me on Twitter: @KirkwoodSteve  

Teaching

My main teaching responsibilities relate to criminal justice social work, asylum seekers and research methods. I am the course organiser for Working with Risk, Trust and Complexity.

Books

Kirkwood, S., Goodman, S., McVittie, C. & McKinlay, A. (2015). The language of asylum: Refugees and discourse. Palgrave Macmillan. [Electronic version available here]

Journal articles & book chapters

Kirkwood, S., Jennings, B., Laurier, E., Cree, V. E. & Whyte, B. (2017). Towards an interactional approach to reflective practice in social work. In W. Lorenz & I. Shaw (eds.), Private Troubles or Public Issues? Challenges for Social Work Research. Routledge.

Kirkwood, S. & Munro, M. (2017). Warm words and no action: The fate of restorative justice in Scotland. Scottish Justice Matters, 5 (1), 2-3.

Kirkwood, S., Roesch-Marsh, A. & Cooper, S. (2017). Evaluating social pedagogy in the UK: Methodological issues. Qualitative Social Work [OnlineFirst]

Kirkwood, S. (2017). The humanisation of refugees: A discourse analysis of UK parliamentary debates on the European refugee 'crisis'. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 27, 115-125.

Verhallen, T., Hall, C. J., Slembrouck, S. & Kirkwood, S. (2016). Managing arguments in social work encounters. International Journal of Child and Family Welfare, 17, 1/2, 85-104.

Kirkwood, S., Jennings, B., Laurier, E., Cree, V. E. & Whyte, B. (2016). Towards an interactional approach to reflective practice in social work. European Journal of Social Work, 19, 484-499.

Kirkwood, S. (2016). Desistance in action: An interactional approach to criminal justice practice and desistance from offending. Theoretical Criminology20, 220-237. 

Kirkwood, S. (2015). The presence of the absent parent: Troubled families and the England ‘riots’ of 2011. In V. E. Cree, G. Clapton & M. Smith (Eds.), Revisiting moral panics (pp. 169-178) and in V. E. Cree (Ed.), The state (Moral panics in theory and practice) (pp. 43-54). Bristol: Policy Press.

Kirkwood, S. & McNeill, F. (2015). Integration and reintegration: Comparing pathways to citizenship through asylum and criminal justice. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 15, 511-526.

Kirkwood, S., McKinlay, A. & McVittie, C. (2015). ‘He's a cracking wee geezer from Pakistan’: Lay accounts of refugee integration failure and success in Scotland. Journal of Refugee Studies, 28, 1-20.

Kirkwood, S., McKinlay, A. & McVittie, C. (2014). ‘Some people it’s very difficult to trust’: Attributions of agency and accountability in practitioners’ talk about integration. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 24, 376-389. 

Kirkwood, S., McKinlay, A. & McVittie, C. (2013). 'They're more than animals': Refugees' accounts of racially motivated violence. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 747-762.

Kirkwood, S., McKinlay, A. & McVittie, C. (2013). The mutually constitutive relationship between place and identity: The role of place-identity in discourse on asylum seekers and refugees. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 23, 453-465.

Bates, D. & Kirkwood, S. (2013). ‘We didnae do anything great…’ Discursive strategies for resisting detention and deportation in Scotland and the North East of England. Refugee Review: Social Movement, 1, 21-31.

Kirkwood, S. (2012). Negotiating the dilemmas of claiming asylum: A discursive analysis of interviews with refugees on life in Scotland. eSharp, Special Issue: The 1951 UN Refugee Convention - 60 Years On, 87-112.

Sambaraju, R. & Kirkwood, S. (2010). ‘We represent, here, the interests of the free world’: Accountability in Israeli leaders’ media talk on the Gaza Crisis (2008-2009). eSharp, 15, 133–156.

Kirkwood, S. (2010). Restorative justice cases in Scotland: Factors related to participation, the restorative process, agreement rates and forms of reparation. European Journal of Criminology, 7, 107-122.

Kirkwood, S. & Richley, T. (2008). Circles of support and accountability: The case for their use in Scotland to assist in the community reintegration and risk management of sexual offenders. SCOLAG Legal Journal, October 2008, 236-239.

Richley, T. & Kirkwood, S. (2008). The case for circles of support and accountability in Scotland. The Scottish Journal of Criminal Justice Studies, 14, 26-30.

Kirkwood, S. & Richley, T. (2008). Supported accommodation services for offenders. SCOLAG Legal Journal, June 2008, 141-142.

Kirkwood, S. & Dickie, D. (2008). The case for bail supervision. Scottish Criminal Law, February 2008, 264-267.

Kearney, N., Kirkwood, S. & MacFarlane, L. (2006). Restorative justice in Scotland: An overview. British Journal of Community Justice, 4 (no. 3), 55-65.

Sibley, C. G., Liu, J. H. & Kirkwood, S. (2006). Towards a social representational theory of attitude change: The effect of message framing on general and specific attitudes toward affirmative action. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 35, 3-13.

Sibley, C. G., Robertson, A. & Kirkwood, S. (2005). Pakeha attitudes toward the symbolic and resource-specific aspects of bicultural policy in New Zealand: The legitimizing role of collective guilt for historical injustices. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 34, 171-180.

Kirkwood, S., Liu, J. H. & Weatherall, A. (2005). Challenging the standard story of indigenous rights in Aotearoa / New Zealand. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 15, 493-505.

Other publications

Kirkwood, S. (2017). Book review: Community justice in Australia: Developing knowledge, skills and values for working with offenders in the community by Brian Stout. Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work Journal, 29, 135-136.

Kirkwood, S. (2016). Book review: Developing restorative justice jurisprudence: Rethinking responses to criminal wrongdoing by Tony Foley. Rutgers Review of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books. 

Mulholland, C., Eunson, J., Murray, L., Bowen, L., McIvor, G., Malloch, M., Whyte, B., Kirkwood, S. & McNeill, F. (2016). Evaluation of the reducing reoffending change fund. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. 

Roesch-Marsh, A., Cooper, S. & Kirkwood, S. (2015). Social pedagogy pilot project evaluation. Edinburgh: The University of Edinburgh.

Kirkwood, S. & Laurier, E. (2014). Research briefing: Criminal justice social work practice and the study of interaction. Edinburgh: The University of Edinburgh.

Smith, M., Kirkwood, S., Llewellyn, C. & Burnett, R. (2014). Researching celebrity historic sexual abuse allegations. The Justice Gap. 

Kirkwood, S. (2012). ‘Refugee’ is only a word: A discursive analysis of refugees’ and asylum seekers’ experiences in Scotland. PhD thesis, the University of Edinburgh.

Kearney, N., Kirkwood, S. & MacFarlane, L. (2009). Restorative Justice (Diversion) Services Monitoring and Evaluation Report 2006/07. Edinburgh: Sacro.

Kirkwood, S. & Richley, T. (2008). Supported accommodation services for offenders: A research literature review. Criminal Justice Social Work Development Centre for Scotland. 

Kirkwood, S. (2008). Evidencing the impact of criminal justice services on re-offending. CjScotland.

Brookes, D. & Kirkwood, S. (2007). Will the victim statement scheme secure greater participation for victims in the criminal justice process? CjScotland.

Nicol, W. J., Kirkwood, S. & McFarlane, L. (2006). Youth justice services evaluation report: April 2004 – March 2005. Edinburgh: Sacro.

Podcasts

The refugee crisis. Part of the Big Idea series by the University of Edinburgh. Released 15 September 2015.

Conference and seminar presentations 

History in the service of politics: Constructing national identities during the European refugee ‘crisis’. European Association of Social Psychology General Meeting, Granada, Spain, 6 July 2017.

History in the service of politics: Constructing national identities during the European refugee ‘crisis’. International Society of Political Psychology Annual Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland,  1 July 2017.

Refugees and identity. Invited speaker for Pint of Science event, Identity and identification: Crossing the great divides, Edinburgh, Scotland, 16 May 2017.

The legitimisation of xenophobia: The UK and asylum. Invited guest speaker for Pathways for Peace seminar, Rise of the Far Right: Migration & Construction of the Other, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 29 March 2017.

History in the service of politics: Constructing narratives of history during the European refugee 'crisis.' Invited guest speaker for the York St John University School of Psychological & Social Sciences Research Seminar, York, England, 8 March 2017.

History in the service of politics: Constructing national identities during the European refugee ‘crisis.’ Invited guest speaker for the University of Edinburgh Psychology Society Lecture, Edinburgh, Scotland, 17 November 2016.

Refugees, integration and discourse. Guest speaker for the Centre for Cross-cultural Research Lab Meeting at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 19 April 2016.

Desistance in action: An interactional approach to criminal justice practice and desistance from offending. Guest speaker for the School of Psychology Colloquium at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 18 March 2016. 

The politics of asylum policy. Invited guest speaker for Students without borders: Responding to the refugee crisis, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 1 November 2015.

Eurotunnel vision? Challenging perceptions on the refugee crisis. Invited panel member for public discussion organised by United Nations House and United Nations Association Scotland, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 21 September 2015.

Savile at Duncroft: Contesting high profile allegations of historical sexual abuse at a residential school (with Mark Smith, Ros Burnett & Clare Llewellyn). European Conference for Social Work Research, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 22-24 April 2015. 

Competing accounts of Savile at Duncroft. Savile at Duncroft Knowledge Exchange Event, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 30 January 2015.

Desistance in action: An interactional approach to criminal justice practice and desistance from offending. Social Work Seminar Series, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 14 October 2014.

Desistance in action: Promoting pro-social identities in criminal justice groupwork. European Society for Criminology Annual Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, 12 September 2014.

Building a dataset of sensitive information (with Clare Llewellyn, Laine Ruus, Ros Burnett, Mark Smith & Rocio von Jungenfeld). IEEE/ACM Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, London, England, 8-12 September 2014. 

Gathering data on allegations of sexual abuse made against former disc jockey, Jimmy Savile (with Mark Smith & Clare Llewellyn). Dealing with Data Conference, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 26 August 2014.

Desistance in action: An interactional approach to criminal justice practice and desistance from offending. Discourse and Narrative Approaches to Social Work and Counselling (DANASWAC) research group annual meeting, Durham University, England, 18-21 August 2014.

Desistance in practice: Interaction in criminal justice groupwork. Knowledge Exchange Seminar at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 22 April 2014.

Discourse analysis and criminal justice groupwork: An empirical approach to reflexive practice. 4th European Conference for Social Work Research, Bolzano, Italy, 15-17 April 2014.

Gathering data on allegations of sexual abuse made against former disc jockey, Jimmy Savile (with Mark Smith & Clare Llewellyn). Socio-Legal Studies Association Conference, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland, 10 April 2014.

Desistance in action: Interaction in domestic abuse groupwork. Invited presentation to the Social, Environmental and Organisational Psychology Research Group Seminar Series, University of Exeter, England, 20 February 2014.

Reintegration and integration: Exploring asylum seekers' and ex-offenders' pathways to citizenship (with Fergus McNeill). European Criminological Society Annual Conference, Budapest, Hungary, 5 September 2013.

'Maybe this thing is my skin': Refugees' accounts of racially motivated violence. PhD Award Lecture at the British Psychological Society Social Psychology Section Annual Conference, University of Exeter, England, 30 August 2013.

Refugees' accounts of racially motivated violence. Migration and Citizenship Research Group Seminar Series, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 23 April 2013.

Refugees' and asylum seekers' accounts of racism. British Psychological Society Annual Conference, Harrogate, England, 10 April 2013. 

New racism and the consequences for victims of racially motivated violence. Presentation to the Hate Crime Strategic Development Group, Edinburgh City Chambers, Scotland, 28 February 2013.

The presence of the absent parent:Troubled families and the England ‘riots’ of 2011. Revisiting Moral Panics ESRC Seminar Series - Seminar 1: Moral Panics and the Family, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 23 November 2012.

‘They’re more than animals’: Refugees’ accounts of racially motivated violence. Discourse / Communication / Conversation Conference, Loughborough University, England, 21-23 March 2012.

Racism and refugee talk: Discourse and racially motivated violence. The British Psychological Society Social Psychology Section Annual Conference, University of Cambridge, England, 6-8 September 2011.

Asylum seeker and refugee discourse on life in Scotland. The Glasgow Refugee, Asylum and Migration Network Inaugural Postgraduate Colloquium: The 1951 UN Refugee Convention - 60 Years On, University of Glasgow, Scotland, 13 June 2011. 

‘It is about integration’: The discursive construction of integration among professionals who work with asylum seekers and refugees in Scotland. Migration: Economic change, social challenge, University College London, England, 6-9 April 2011.

Professional discourse on asylum seekers and refugees in Scotland. The University of Edinburgh Migration and Citizenship PhD Workshop, Edinburgh, Scotland, 17 December 2010.

Refugees, identity and integration. Seminar presentation for the University of Edinburgh Migration and Citizenship Research Group, Edinburgh, Scotland, 15 March 2010.

Supported accommodation for offenders: Effectiveness and future directions (with Tim Richley). Association of Directors of Social Work Criminal Justice Conference, Crieff, Scotland, 29-30 October 2009.

The effectiveness of three bail supervision services in Scotland. 8th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Edinburgh, Scotland, 2-5 September 2008.

Restorative justice as diversion from prosecution: Evidence informing practice. Fifth European Forum for Restorative Justice Conference, Verona, Italy, 18 April 2008.

Evidencing the impact on re-offending: Evaluation of Sacro Criminal Justice Services. Seminar presentation for the Scottish Association for the Study of Offending, Fife, Scotland, 15 October 2007.

Evidencing the impact on re-offending: Evaluation of Sacro Criminal Justice Services. Seminar presentation for Scotland’s National Advisory Body on Offender Management, Glasgow, Scotland, 12 March 2007.

History and identity in the New Zealand foreshore debate. Seminar presentation for the Human Resources Institute of New Zealand Special Interest Group, Wellington, New Zealand, September 2004.

The foreshore debate: History, identity and the media. New Zealand Psychological Society Conference, Wellington, New Zealand, August 2004.

History and identity in the New Zealand foreshore debate. Society for Australasian Social Psychologists 33rd Annual Conference, Auckland, New Zealand, April 2004.

Topics interested in supervising

I am happy to consider supervising PhD candidates on any topics broadly related to my research interests described above. In particular, I am interested in projects that relate to criminal justice, desistance from crime, asylum seeking, discrimination, discourse analysis and / or the study of interaction.

If you are interested in being supervised by Steve Kirkwood, please see the links below for more information:

PhD in Social Work; MSc (R) Social Work