James Stewart is a lecturer and research fellow at the University of Edinburgh in the Institute for Science, Technology and Innovation. He works in the field of technology studies, concentrating on the appropriation, consumption and use of new ICTs and the co-evolution of large scale systems of technology and culture. He has recently returned from 3 years as a Scientific Officer at the Institute for Prospective Technology Studies at the European Commission, in the Action on ICTs for Social Inclusion, with responsibility for the work on Employment, and contributing to work on social innovation and impact assessment of local ICT-enabled services.
He has a BEng in Electronics, and MSc and PhD in Science and Technology Studies. His research interests are focused on the appropriation and innovation done in technology, policy and practice as new technologies, in particular ICTs, are shaped to support the activities and relationships of particular domains of everyday life, industry or government.
His recent work has been on standardisation, interdisciplinary research, social network systems, the merging of virtual and physical space; China and EU innovation policy, future mobile and wireless systems, gender and technology . Other work includes cybercafes, digital inclusion, digital cities, developing Internet business, public space and ICTs,and managing innovative multimedia projects. His doctoral research was on social processes involved in how we engage, adopt (or not) and cope with new media and ICTs in our everyday lives at home and work. James is a commentator on the convergence of media, and on the future shape and use of mobile devices.
At the IPTS he led work on impact, development and implementation of ICTs for home carers, of digital games for social inclusion, and on online work exchanges. He commissioned and edited a series of report on online work, Time Banks and online volunteering.
Google Citation Index (early 2019)
Internet and Society
A long term honours undergraduate course, providing a basis in understanding of the social, economic, andinnovation dimensions the internet in contemporary society. Mostly for CHSS students, with some Engineering students. First Semester
Data Design and the City (STIS08006)
An experimental new course, using an experiential learning approach for 1st and 2nd year students from any discipline Students work in mixed-discipline groups to measure and design potential interventions on 'wicked' problems introduced by partner organisations in the Edinburgh Living Lab, from both outside and inside the University. Second Semester with Morgan Currie.
Courses for on-campus students from any discipline
Internet, Society and Economy
A version of the pervious course, covering more material. Second Semester, with Morgan Currie
Controversies in the Data Society (PGSP11467)
A new public seminar series presenting the research of University academics, which can be taken as a level 11 course by masters and doctoral candidates.Second Semester.
Engaging with Digital Research (PGSP11401)
A 10 credit online course This provides a route for those engaged in social and population based research to engage with new emerging models of professional practice in developing and deploying digital research methods and results.
The Use and Evolution of Digital Data Analysis and Collection Tools (PGSP11388)
This addresses the opportunities and challenges of a range of traditional and emerging digital research approaches and techniques focusing on the relevance of their applications from a user perspective.
Other Teaching Activities
In the past I have have taught courses for design and enginneering for 'Marketing Technical Products' and 'Product Development'.
I contribute teaching to various courses on Development, Design, Urban culture and others.
Campagnolo, G., Giannatou, E., Franklin, M., Stewart, J. & Williams, R. 14 May 2018 Revolution remixed? The emergence of Open Content Film-making as a viable component within the mainstream film industry, Information, Communication and Society. p. 1-19
Williams, R., Campagnolo, G., Stewart, J., Giannatou, E. & Franklin, M. 25 Apr 2018 Revolution postponed? Tracing the development and limitations of open content filmmaking, Information, Communication and Society. p. 1 -21
Shen, X., Graham I., Stewart, J., Williams R. (2013) Standards Development as Hybridization, IJITSR 11(2) Edinburgh Research Explorer
Stewart, J. R Proctor, M Poschen, R Williams (2013) The role of academic publishers in shaping the development of Web 2.0 services for scholarly communication. New Media and Society. vol. 15 no. 3 pp 413-432. link</li>
Faulkner W., Stewart J. (2012) Reaching for the digitally excluded in S¿rensen, Faulkner, Rommes (2012). Technologies Of Inclusion. Tapir Academic Press (N).
Stewart, James K., Shen, Xiaobai , Wang, Chengwei and Graham, Ian, (2012) From 3G to 4G : Standards and the Development of Mobile Broadband in China . Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 23:7, 773-788 link
Stewart J, Mark Wright, Penny Travlou, Henrik Ekeus, Richard Coyne (2011) The Memory Space and the Conference - exploring future uses of Web2.0 and Mobile Internet though Design Interventions, in Pierson Et al (eds) New Media technologies and User Empowerment. Frankfurt: Peter Lang. link
Stewart, James K. and Claeys, Laurence (2011) Problems and Opportunities of Interdisciplinary Work Involving Users in Speculative Research for Innovation of Novel ICT Applications . Chapter 6 in J. Pierson, E. Mante-Meijer, and E. Loos (ed) New Media Technologies and User Empowerment, 101Ð122. Peter Lang. link
Shen, X. I. Graham, J.Stewart, R.Williams (2011), Developing an IT standard in China-What lessons can we learn from this? Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Standardization and Innovation in Information Technology, SIIT 2011, Berlin, Germany, September 28-30, 2011, IEEE.
Rob Procter, Robin Williams, James Stewart, Meik Poschen, Helene Snee, Alex Voss, Marzieh Asgari-Targhi (2010), Adoption and Use of Web 2.0 in Scholarly Communications AHM 2009 Phil Trans A special issue link
Stewart J and Hyysalo, S (2008) Intermediaries, Users and Social Learning in Technological Innovation, Interntional Journal of Innovation Management, Vol 12, No 3. (Sept 2008) pp295-325 Link to World Scientific
Wright, M., Henrik Ekeus, Richard Coyne, James Stewart, Penny Travlou, Robin Williams (2008) Augmented duality: overlapping a metaverse with the real world, Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology. 263-266 link
Richard Coyne, Mark Wright, James Stewart and Henrik Ekeus (2008) "Virtual Flagships and Sociable Media" in A Kent (Ed) Flagships: Concepts and Places", London: Routledge.
Coyne R and Stewart J (2007) "Orientating the Future: Design Strategies for Non-Place"in Tom Inns (ed) Designing for the 21st Century Interdisciplinary Questions and Insights, Gower Ashgate publishers website"
Stewart, J (2007) Local Experts in the Domestication of Information and communication Technologies, Information, Communication and Society, 10, 4 August 2007 publisher site
Stewart J and Kathy Buckner (2006) "Television, Video and Computers at Home: A review of Qualitative research in Scotland" in Scotland's Domestic Life,Compendium of Scottish Ethnology vol 6, 2006
Sasse A, Affleck A, Stewart J, Ahn J-Y, Nelissen H (2006) "The role of scenarios in the development of future wireless technologies" in WWRF Working Group 1, White Paper 2, in Rahim Tafazolli (Editor) Technologies for the Wireless Future: Wireless World Research Forum (WWRF), Volume 2. , London, Wiley. Publishers Link
Stewart J(2005) "Context Perspectives for scenarios and research development in mobile systems" in Wireless World: Mobiles - Past, Present and Future, edited by Lasen A, and Hamill L , Springer-Verlag, 2005
Stewart and Williams (2005), The wrong trousers? Beyond the design fallacy: social learning and the user, reprinted in Howcroft et al (eds)Critical IT Handbook, Edward Elgar, 2005 pp 195-221.
Stewart J and Robin Williams (2005) "The Wrong Trousers? Beyond the Design Fallacy: Social Learning and the User " , in User involvement in innovation processes. Strategies and limitations from a socio-technical perspective, Edited by Harald Rohracher, Profil-Verlag, Munich, 2005.
Williams, R., Stewart, J, Slack, R.,(2004) Social Learning in Technological Innovation, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar
Stewart J(2004) Boys and girls stay in to play: creating computer entertainment for children, in Carol MacKeogh, Paschal Preson (eds) Private Sector Efforts to Include Women in ICTs, NTNU Working Paper Series, Trondheim. Download
(2003) The social consumption of information and communication technologies (ICTs): insights from research on the appropriation and consumption of new ICTs in the domestic environment" , in Cognition Technology and Work, Vol 5 4-14 DOI: 10.1007/s10111-002-0111-x, based on paper given at conference OIKOS, Arhus 2001 (draft online)
Anne-Sofie Lagran and James Stewart(2003) , Nerdy, trendy or healthy? Configuring the internet cafÃ‚ÂŽ, New Media & Society Vol 5 (3) 357-377 link
Stewart J (2003) Information Society, the Internet and Gender. A Summary of Pan-European Statistical Data, in Sørensen and Stewart, (2003), Social Inclusion: Gender and the Information Society: European perspectives, NTNU, Trondheim link
(2003) Sørensen K and Stewart J, 2003, Social Inclusion: Gender and the Information Society: European perspectives, NTNU, Trondheim link
Stewart J(2001) Encounters with the Information Society PhD 2002 Abstract and download
Stewart J(2000) The Digital Divide in the UK: a review of quantitative indicators and Public Policies, Paper commissioned for the conference: the Digital Divide, Bremen, Germany http://www.digitale-chancen.de/content/downloads/index.cfm/search.1/key.39
Stewart J(2000). Cafematics: the Cybercafe and the Community, inCommunity Informatics: Enabling Communities with Information and Communications Technologies. ed M. Gurstein.Idea Group, Toronto. pdf Summary
Stewart J and Robin Williams (2000) The Co-Evolution of Society and Multimedia Technology: Issues in Predicting the Future Innovation and Use of a Ubiquitous Technology, in "Social Dimensions of Information Technology," ed. G D Garson, IGP Press, Hershey.
Stewart J(1999), 'Television Meets the Web, An Overview', in Proceedings of Conference 'Television Meets the Web', May 1999, Amsterdam, Van Dusseldorp, Amsterdam.
Stewart J(1999), ACCOMPLISHING SOCIAL CHANGE: BUSINESS AND CONSUMERS, in Proceedings of the European Internet Summer School, July 1999, Amsterdam, Van Dusseldorp, Amsterdam.
Roger Slack, James Stewart, Robin Williams, (1999), The Social Shaping of Multimedia, in Slack, Stewart and Wiilliams 1999, 'The Social Shaping of Multimedia, Proceedings from COST A4 workshop 1997, Directorate General 12, European Commission, Luxembourg
James Stewart ( 1999) Interactive Television at Home: Television Meets the Internet, in Interactive Television. TV of the Future or the Future of TV? Aalborg University Press. in a series called Media and Cultural Studies. pdf
James Stewart and Robin Williams (1998) The Co-Evolution of Society and Multimedia Technology: Issues in Predicting the Future Innovation and Use of a Ubiquitous Technology, in Social Science Computer Review Vol. 16, No. 3 Fall, 1998, Special Issue: ISTAS '97: Computers and Society at a Time of Sweeping Change - pdf
Recent Presentations, Conference papers and Posters
Stewart, J. Sep 2016, The Biographies of Wandering Engineers EASST Conference 2016, Barcelona
Stewart, J., Klein, E. & Mcgill, C. 2016 Living Lab Research as Intermediation, Conference Paper, Data for Policy, Cambridge, UK
Stewart, J (2013) Online work exchanges and the 'crowdsourcing' labour, Presentation to Workshop on the Future of Work at DG EMPL, Brussels, June 2013 organised by J Stewart, IPTS. link
Stewart J (2013) New forms of internet mediated Employment. Presentation to the COST Virtual Work Meeting, Darmstadt, Germany
Stewart J, and van Looy, J (2012) Digital Games for Empowerment & Inclusion ,Challenges and Opportunities, DGEI Stakeholder Workshop, DG CNECT, 16-09-12, Brussels.
Stewart J, (2012) Supporting EC policy development for Digital Games for Empowerment & Inclusion (DGEI), Workshop: Exploring online gaming to reengage people in society, Bilbao 12 July 2012
Stewart J, Making Web2.0 for science, Co-production of Web2.0 platforms and knowledge, The Co-Production of Knowledge, York, July 2012
Stewart J (2012) Supporting EC policy development for Digital Games for Empowerment & Inclusion (DGEI), Invited talk at online Education internet group, University of Edinburgh, July 2012
Carretero, S., James Stewart & Clara Centeno, (2012) ICT-enabled services for carers and care: pathways and actors in the development of services for Long Term Care, Edinburgh University, June 2012
Centeno, C., and Stewart J (2012) ICT in support of carers, Presentation to Social Protection Committee, Working Group Age Meeting, DG-EMPL, Brussels 17th Jan 2012
Stewart J, (2011) Searching for evidence: Assessing the impact of initiatives using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to support family carers of older people. Presentation to Workshop on Social Experimentation and home care 12 Sept 2011, DG EMPL, Brussels.
Stewart J (2011) Searching for evidence: Assessing the impact of initiatives using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to support family carers of older people. AAL FORUM 26 Sept 2011, Lecce
Stewart J, Centeno C. (2011) Can Information And Communications Technologies (Icts) Support Carers? Facts, Opportunities And Challenges Ahead Eurocarers 2011, 6 May 2011, Dublin
Stewart el al (2010) Adoption and Use of Web 2.0 in Scholarly Communications, Presentation to EASST 2010, Trento, September 2010
Stewart (2010) It's not about the users: academic publishers as innovation intermediaries in the creation of Web2.0 services for scholarly communication, Invited Speaker, Workshop "Role of users in the intertwined changes of technology and practice", Helsinki, Finland, 19-20 August 2010.
Stewart (2010) Annotation/Marginalia of everyday life, Invited Expert ESF/COST policy workshop on Electronic Textuality, Istanbul, June 15-16, 2010
Stewart J and Graham, I (2009) Presentation of Project Findings to China EU Information Technology Standards Research Partnership Policy Workshop, CEN/CENLEC, Brussels, Feb 2010
Stewart J, Service confusion and user ambivalence: the slow progress of software and services for collaboration, University of Edinburgh IT Futures Conference 2009, Dec 15, 2009
Stewart J Mobile Broadband: from 3G to 4G, Presentation to China EU Information Technology Standards Research Partnership Policy Workshop, Beijing 8th December 2009
Stewart J, Presentation to Networking session "ICT Standardisation - China and the European Research Area Exploring the implications of ICT standard-setting in China - global convergence or standards wars?", ICT 2008 Lyon. Networking Session, 26/11/2008
Stewart, J, Wright M, et al (2009)THE MEMORY SPACE â€“ EXPLORING FUTURE USES OF WEB2.0 AND MOBILE INTERNET THOUGH DESIGN INTERVENTIONS, Conference Paper , COST 298 conference, Copenhagen, May 2009
Stewart, J and Claeys L (2009)PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES OF INTERDISCIPLINARY WORK INVOLVING USERS IN SPECULATIVE RESEARCH FOR INNOVATION OF NOVEL ICT APPLICATIONS, Conference Paper, COST 298 conference, Copenhagen, May 2009
Wright, M., Henrik Ekeus, Richard Coyne, James Stewart, Penny Travlou (2008) Augmented Duality: Overlapping a Metaverse with the Real World ACM ACE (Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology) Yokohama Japan 3-5 December 2008
(2008)Location, Place, Brands and Tags, Short presentation to Workshop Placema(r)king: Brands v. tags, Informatics Forum, Edinburgh University, Oct 2008
(2008)Intermediaries and Social Learning bridging users and producers, Presentation to EASST 2008, Rotterdam, Sept 2008
(2008)"Branded Meeting Places, Ubiquitous technologies, and the design of places for meaningful human encounter.", Presentation to Mobile City 2008 Conference, Rotterdam, Feb 27, 2008
(2007)A Living Lab for Edinburgh University, Presentation to IT Futures Conference at the University of Edinburgh, December 2007
(2007)Scottish Living Lab Initative, Presentation to working group of the Centre for Creativity and Innovation, December 2007.
(2007)A social scientist among designers and engineers: a dual role, Presentation ESRC Masterclass on INterdisciplinary research, Edinburgh
(2007)C-Generation Densities, Presentation with Richard Coyne at Conference, Densities, Edinburgh June 2007.
(2007)Research by Design, Presentation at Conference - Good Bad and Unexpected, Cost 298, Moscow May 2007.
(2007)Intermediaries in Social Learning, Presentation at Conference - Good Bad and Unexpected, Cost 298, Moscow May 2007.
, Presentation at seminar on Technology Studies and Building, Durham University, Oct 2005.(2005)Local Experts and domestication of technology
(2005)Non-place, Presentation at Digiplay seminar, Sheffield Hallum University, Sept 2005. slides ppt
(2005)Girls and Boys stay in to Play, , Presentation at Women IN Games 2005, Abertay University, August 2005. slides ppt
(2005), Non Place and the design and use of Airports: Stansted Briefing, Talk given to Nonplace cluster workshop, Stansted Airport, April 2005 download Slides
2004 Social and Economic Dimensions of FLOWS’, FLOWS project FInal Workshop, Dec, 2005, Philips Research Labs, Redhill, UKslides ppt
(2004), Domestic technology, invited lecture, Napier University, December 2004
(2004) "Mum, how do I send that by email?" Informal learning in the mass adoption of ICTs, at EASST/4S, Ecole des Mines, Paris, August 2004 [slides] [see also ]
(2004) Social division of ICT work: the role of local experts, at EASST/4S, Ecole des Mines, Paris, August 2004 [slides] [see also]
(2004) Context Perspectives for scenarios and research development in future mobile systems, presentation to Wireless World Research Forum, Oslo, 9 June 2004 [ppd] [see also ]
(2004), Mobile Internet or Rich Voice: The Socio-technical Shaping of Convergence, poster and paper at Wireless World Research Forum, Oslo, 9 June 2004 [paper], ]poster)]
(2004) Selection Environment multi-modal multi-standard devices, Presenation to MX Alliance workshop, Edinburgh, May 2004.
(2003) The Wrong Trousers: Beyond the Design Fallacy: Social Learning and the User Invited lecture, Napier University, May 2004
(2004) Multimedia Bazzar: understanding the future of television and multimedia communications from a user perspective’, Schott Glass Long range planning meeting, April 2004, Hong Kong [slides]
(2004), ‘Interactive Television – a retrospective look at the future”, Keynote talk at conference, Interactive Television Usability, Napier University, Jan 23 2004 [slides]
(2004), Wendy Faulkner, Tine Klief, James Stewart One size does not fit all Presentation to SIGIS workshop at symposium on gender and ICTs, Brussels, Jan 22, 2004
(2003), Domestic technology, invited lecture, Napier University, December 2003 2004
(2003), ‘Mobile Phones: Cigarettes for the 21st Century’, Museo di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Milan, Nov 2003 [Notes]
and Lisa Pitt, (2003) Using current social science research in the development of future mobile technology: a scenario based method, 4rd Wireless World Conference, University of Surrey July 2003 [download]
2003, Wifi, 3G and the wireless world vision, Talk given at Napier University School of Computing, March 2003. [see FLOWS report D12 below]
and Robin Williams (2003) The Wrong Trousers: Beyond the Design Fallacy: Social Learning and the User EASST Conference, York, September 2002
2002 Information and communication from Coffee Houses to Cybercafes’, Scottish Librarians Conference, Jun 2002, Peebles
Reports for Policy
- Stewart, J (Forthcoming) From Crowd to Cloud: Online work exchanges for freelancing and 'crowdsourced' labour , JRC Scientific and Technical Report.Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union
- Javier Ramos, James Stewart (Forthcoming) ICT4EMPL Report on Internet Mediated-Work Exchanges: Crowdfunding and the Role of Managers in Ensuring the Sustainability of Crowdfunding Platforms, IPTS
- Stewart, James, Lizzy Bleumers, Jan Van Looy, Ilse Mari‘n, Anissa All, Dana Schurmans, Koen Willaert, Frederik De Grove, An Jacobs, Gianluca Misuraca (2013) The Potential of Digital Games for Empowerment and Social Inclusion of Groups at Risk of Social and Economic Exclusion: Evidence and Opportunity for Policy, JRC Scientific and Technical Report.Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union link
- Stewart J, Misuraca G, (2013) The Industry and Policy Context for Digital Games for Empowerment and Inclusion: Market Analysis, Future Prospects and Key Challenges in Videogames, Serious Games and Gamification, JRC Scientific and Policy Report. Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union link
- Carretero, S, Stewart J et al (2012) Can technology Ð based services support long-term care challenges in home care? Analysis of evidence from social innovation good practices across the EU. JRC Scientific and Policy Report JRC 77709, Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union link
- Procter, R., R Williams, J Stewart (2009) If You Build It, Will They Come? How Researchers Perceive and Use Web 2.0, Research Information Network. link
- RIN (2010) E-infrastructure - taking forward the strategy. Synthesis of interviews with expert stakeholders. A Research Information Network report. September 2010 link
- Stewart, J. (2000) The Digital Divide in the UK: a review of quantitative indicators and Public Policies, Report commissioned for the conference: the Digital Divide, Bremen, Germany, 2000.
Reports as Commissioning Editor
- Jayne Cravens, Editor James Stewart (Forthcoming) Internet-mediated volunteering in the EU: history, prevalence, approaches & relation to employability & social inclusion, JRC Scientific and Policy Report
- Anne Green, Maria de Hoyos, Sally-Anne Barnes, Beate Baldauf and Heike Behle Editor: James Stewart (2014) Exploratory research on Internet-enabled work exchanges and employability: Analysis and synthesis of qualitative evidence on crowdsourcing for work, funding and volunteers. JRC Scientific and Policy Report. 26423 EN Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union link
- Boyle, David, Stewart, James (Editor) (2014) ICT4EMPL Report on internet-mediated work exchanges (time banks), European Commission link
- de Hoyos, Maria., Anne E Green, Sally-Anne Barnes, Heike Behle, Beate Baldauf and David Owen. Editors: Clara Centeno and James Stewart (2013) Literature Review on Employability, Inclusion and ICT, Part 2: ICT and Employability, JRC Technical Report. Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union
- Green, Anne E. Maria de Hoyos, Sally-Anne Barnes, Heike Behle, Beate Baldauf and David Owen. Editors: Clara Centeno and James Stewart (2013) Literature Review on Employability, Inclusion and ICT, Part 1: , JRC Technical Report.Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union
- Garrido,M., Araba Sey, Tabitha Hart, And Luis Santana. Stewart, J (Editor) (2012) Exploratory study on explanations and theories of how Telecentres and other community-based eInclusion actors operate and have an impact on digital and social inclusion policy goals. JRC Technical report. Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union
- Lizzy Bleumers, Anissa All, Ilse Mari‘n, Dana Schurmans, Jan Van Looy, An Jacobs, Koen Willaert, Frederik de Grove. Editor: James Stewart (2012) State of Play of Digital Games for Empowerment and Inclusion: A Review of the Literature and Empirical Cases. JRC Technical report. EUR 25652. Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union; 2012. JRC77655
- Stewart, J. 2016 Estimation of potential ULEV uptake by black cab owners/drivers in Edinburgh, Report
- Rob Procter, Robin Williams, James Stewart, (2010) Use And Relevance Of Web 2.0 Resources For Researchers, Research Innovation Network (RIN)
- Stewart J, Wang C. (2009) Final report on Standards dynamics in domain of Mobile Telephony: mobile broadband from 3G to 4G, Deliverable 11
- Knut Blind, Hakon Steen, Ian Graham, James Stewart, (eds) (2008) Review of State of Art - EU and China, Deliverable 3, China EU Information Technology Standards Research Partnership. Oct 2008
- Stewart, J (ed) et al (2008) Delverable D3.3. Report on initial mapping. A comparison of the standardisation environment for Mobile Communications, Mobile Video Broadcasting, and Audio/Video Codecs in the EU, China, and the US, for EC FP7 project "China EU Information Technology Standards Research Partnership ", 15 Oct 2008.
- James Stewart et al (2004),Analysis of the Market for Multiple Standard Wireless Communications,FLOWS Project Report D17 UoE/FLOWS/EC IST, Dec 2004,pp84 . [Download pdf]
- James Stewart et al (2003),Cost and Benefit of Use Scenarios: The selection environment for MIMO-enabled multi-standard wireless devices including cost benefit analysis of various convergence technologies,FLOWS Project Report D12 EC IST . [download main report in pdf] [Download Zipped WORD files]
- James Stewart et al, 2002, Scenarios and Definition of Services,FLOWS Report D6: EC IST, FLOWS, 2002. [download pdf]
- 1999, Report for the Minister of Health on interactive Digital TV in the UK, 1999 download
- (1996) Multimedia and the Retailing Sector, Deliverable 8, IST project FAME 2010+: Forecasting the Future of Multimedia to the Year 2010 and beyond, December 1996 pdf
- (1996) Entertainment and the Entertainment Industry, Deliverable 6, IST project FAME 2010+: Forecasting the Future of Multimedia to the Year 2010 and beyond, December 1996 pdf
Encounters with the Information Society" on the co-shaping or co-evolution of multimedia technolgies and social institutions University of Edinburgh 2002