School of Social and Political Science

Lindsay Paterson

Job Title

Professor Emeritus of Education Policy

Research interests

Research interests

Sociology of Education, Scottish Politics, Quantitative Methods in Social Research, Education Policy

Background

 

Summary of research project: Education and Society in Scotland

This project was funded by the Leverhulme Trust, 2018-2021.

Education is now the basis of social success in liberal societies, the key to occupational opportunity, civic participation and fulfilling leisure. Failure in education now greatly increases the risk of social marginalisation. The project aims to explain how that role of education has come about using the uniquely rich set of educational surveys of Scotland that date back to 1932 and extend to the present century. Scotland pioneered the use of high-quality national surveys in education. It led the world in the use of statistics as a means of explaining students' learning and understanding how their learning relates to their social context and opportunities. That distinctive history attracted international admiration, and was sustained as a highly creative though often tense partnership among government, school teachers, and academic researchers.

Secondary education in the second half of the twentieth century

Secondary education expanded massively in the second half of the twentieth century, transforming the opportunities available. Inequality with respect to sex, social class and religion changed fundamentally. Pupils were treated with unprecedented consideration and respect. These changes were partly due to policy - notably the ending of selection into different kinds of secondary school, and the resulting reforms to curriculum, assessment and child guidance. The reforms thus gave an unprecedented range of pupils access to the European cultural legacy. But the changes owed more to slow social evolution than to deliberate political action, and the traditions of schools shaped the ways in which pupils had access to new opportunities. Through these traditions, and despite the intentions of more radically disruptive kinds of reformers, the changes maintained until the end of the twentieth century the core Scottish liberal premise that secondary education for all meant academic education for all.

Examples of publications on these themes are:

Paterson, L. (2021), ‘Higher education expansion and the secondary school curriculum in Scotland in the second half of the twentieth century’, Oxford Review of Education. doi: 10.1080/03054985.2021.2002291.

Paterson, L. (2021), ‘Higher education and school history in Scotland in the second half of the twentieth century’, British Journal of Sociology of Education. doi: 10.1080/01425692.2021.1962245

Paterson, L. (2021), ‘Participation in science in secondary and higher education in Scotland in the second half of the twentieth century’, Research Papers in Education. doi: 10.1080/02671522.2021.1931951.

Paterson, L. (2020), ‘Schools, policy and social change: Scottish secondary education in the second half of the twentieth century’, Research Papers in Education. doi: 10.1080/02671522.2020.1849370.

Paterson, L. (2021), ‘School leavers and educational reform in Scotland in the second half of the twentieth century’, Journal of Education and Work, doi: 10.1080/13639080.2021.1996544.

The historical context of educational change in the second half of the twentieth century

This work investigates some aspects of the historical background to these educational changes. Examples of publications are:

Paterson, L. (2021), ‘The relationship of the 1918 and 1872 Education (Scotland) Acts’, Scottish Educational Review, 53, pp. 88-103. doi: 10.51166/27730840-05302007

Paterson, L. (2018), ‘The significance of the Education (Scotland) Act, 1918’, Scottish Affairs, 27, pp. 401-424.

Paterson, L. (2015), Social Radicalism and Liberal Education, Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Paterson, L. (2015), ‘Democracy or intellect? The Scottish educational dilemma of the twentieth century’, in R. D. Anderson, M. Freeman and L. Paterson (eds) (2015), The Edinburgh History of Education in Scotland, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 226-45.

Paterson, L. (2009), ‘Universities and nations in Britain in the twentieth century’, in F. Bechhofer and D. McCrone (eds), National Identity, Nationalism and Constitutional Change, London: Palgrave, pp. 163-188.

Paterson, L. (2011), ‘The reinvention of Scottish liberal education: secondary schooling, 1900-1939’, Scottish Historical Review, 90, pp. 96-130.

The long-term effects of educational reform

Working with Professor Ian Deary and colleagues in the Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Lindsay Paterson has used the long-term follow-up of birth cohorts that were first surveyed in the mid-twentieth century to study the effects of educational reform in the early years of the twentieth century, thus linking archival statistical data from the period 1900-1939, survey data from the late-1940s, and follow-up data from several decades since then. The techniques have included multiple regression and path analysis. The follow-up data collection was funded mainly by the MRC, Age UK and the Chief Scientist Office of the Scottish Government’s Health Directorates.

Examples of publications from this work are:

Paterson, L., Pattie, A. and Deary, I. (2011), ‘Social class, gender and secondary education in Scotland in the 1950s’, Oxford Review of Education, 37, pp. 383-401.

Paterson, L., Pattie, A. and Deary, I. (2010), ‘Post-school education and social class destinations in Scotland in the 1950s’, Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 1, pp. 371-93.

The effects of education on people’s civic values

In this connection, Lindsay Paterson has used several large UK social surveys, especially the National Child Development Survey, the British Birth Cohort Study, the British Household Panel Study, and the British Social Attitudes Survey. The techniques are mainly multiple regression of various kinds, including linear, standard nonlinear (such as logistic) and highly non-linear (such as diagonal reference models).

Examples of publication in this connection are:

Paterson, L. (2021), ‘Education and support for Scottish independence, 1979-2016’, Journal of Education Policy. doi: 10.1080/02680939.2021.2005148.

Paterson, L. (2014), ‘Education, social attitudes and social participation among adults in Britain’, Sociological Research Online, 19 (1). www.socresonline.org.uk/19/1/26.html

Paterson, L. (2008), ‘Political attitudes, social participation and social mobility: a longitudinal analysis’, British Journal of Sociology, 59, pp. 413-34.

Educational expansion and social mobility

Working with Professor Cristina Iannelli in the School of Education, University of Edinburgh, and others, Lindsay Paterson has studied developments in social mobility and their relationship to educational expansion during the twentieth century. The data sets have been the UK Household Longitudinal Study, the Scottish School Leavers Survey, and the Scottish Household Survey. The statistical techniques are loglinear modelling and various non-linear elaborations of it. Examples of publications in this connection are:

Paterson, L. (2022), ‘Social class and sex differences in absolute and relative educational attainment in England, Scotland and Wales since the middle of the twentieth century’, Research Papers in Education. doi: 10.1080/02671522.2022.2089213.

Paterson, L. (2022), ‘Social class and sex differences in higher education attainment among adults in Scotland since the 1960s’, Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 13(1), 7-48. doi: 10.1332/175795921X16140986832835.

Paterson, L. (2022), ‘Educational expansion and entry to high-status occupations since the middle of the twentieth century’, British Journal of Sociology of Education. doi: 10.1080/01425692.2022.2026763.

Iannelli, C., Gamoran, A. and Paterson, L. (2018), ‘Fields of study: horizontal or vertical differentiation within higher education sectors?’, Research on Social Stratification and Mobility, 57, pp. 11-23.

Iannelli, C., Gamoran, A. and Paterson, L. (2011), ‘Expansion through diversion in Scottish higher education, 1987-2001’, Oxford Review of Education, 37, pp. 717-41.

Paterson, L. and Iannelli, C. (2007), ‘Social class and educational attainment: a comparative study of England, Wales and Scotland’, Sociology of Education, 80, pp. 330-58.

Public debate

Lindsay Paterson contributes regularly to public debate on topics relating to education policy and to Scottish politics, in the broadcast and print media and through invited lectures at public events. During the Covid-19 health emergency, he contributed in several ways to debate about its impact on educational opportunities, particularly its effect on socio-economic inequalities. Examples are:

‘Analysing Scottish attainment data’ (February 2020):

https://reformscotland.com/2020/02/analysing-scottish-attainment-data-professor-lindsay-paterson/

‘The need for educational data’ (June 2020):

https://reformscotland.com/2020/06/the-need-for-educational-data-lindsay-paterson/

‘Vocational education needs general education’ (August 2020)

https://reformscotland.com/2020/08/vocational-education-needs-general-education-lindsay-paterson/

'The return to home learning' (January 2021)

https://reformscotland.com/2021/01/the-return-to-home-learning-lindsay-…

'Critique of the OECD report into Scotland’s school curriculum' (August 2021)

https://reformscotland.com/2021/08/critique-of-the-oecd-report-into-sco…

 

Background

Lindsay Paterson’s undergraduate education was in Aberdeen University (where he studied mainly mathematics and English literature). He then did a PhD in statistics at Edinburgh University. He gained postdoctoral experience working as a statistician for the Agricultural Research Council, after which he was a lecturer in the Department of Actuarial Mathematics and Statistics at Heriot-Watt University. While there, his research was mainly in epidemiological work in medicine. Since the late 1980s he has taught and carried out research on topics in educational sociology, education policy and Scottish politics. He has served on the Research Resources Board of the UK Economic and Social Research Council, and has been an adviser to the Scottish Parliament’s Education Committee, and to several government departments since the early 1990s. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 2004 and a Fellow of the British Academy in 2013.

Works within

Publications by user content

Publication Research Explorer link
Paterson L. Education and social science. Scottish Affairs. 2022 Nov 8;31(4):435-451. https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2022.0430
Paterson L. Higher education expansion and the secondary school curriculum in Scotland in the second half of the twentieth century. Oxford Review of Education. 2022 Sep 3;48(5):622-641. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054985.2021.2002291
Paterson L. Social class and sex differences in absolute and relative educational attainment in England, Scotland and Wales since the middle of the twentieth century. Research Papers in Education. 2022 Jun 20. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2022.2089213
Paterson L. Breadth of study at secondary school and the attainment and progression of university graduates in Scotland, 1960-2002. Higher Education. 2022 May 4. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-022-00862-4
Paterson L. The relationship of the 1918 and 1872 Education (Scotland) Acts. Scottish Educational Review. 2022 Apr 5;53(2):88-103. https://doi.org/10.51166/27730840-05302007
Paterson L. Education and high-status occupations in the UK since the middle of the twentieth century. British Journal of Sociology of Education. 2022 Mar 31;43(3):375-396. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2022.2026763
Jones R, Royles E, O'Hanlon F, Paterson L. The contemporary threat to minority languages and cultures: Civil society, young people and Celtic language use in Scotland and Wales. In Chaney P, Jones IR, editors, Civil Society in an Age of Uncertainty: Institutions, Governance and Existential Challenges. Policy Press. 2022. (Civil Society and Social Change).
Paterson L. R. B. Haldane: [Review of] Campbell, J., with McLauchlan, R. (2020). Haldane: the Forgotten Statesman who Shaped Modern Britain. London: Hurst. Hdbk. 482 + xxviii pages. £22.75. ISBN 9781787383111. Scottish Affairs . 2021 Nov 30;30(4):555-557. https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2021.0391
Paterson L. Education and support for Scottish independence, 1979-2016. Journal of Education Policy. 2021 Nov 22. https://doi.org/10.1080/02680939.2021.2005148
Paterson L. School leavers and educational reform in Scotland in the second half of the twentieth century. Journal of Education and Work. 2021 Oct 25. https://doi.org/10.1080/13639080.2021.1996544
Paterson L. Filial intelligence and family social class, 1947 to 2012. Sociological Science. 2021 Oct 20;8:325-345. 16. https://doi.org/10.15195/v8.a16
Paterson L. Higher education and school history in Scotland in the second half of the twentieth century. British Journal of Sociology of Education. 2021 Aug 18. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2021.1962245
Paterson L. Participation in science in secondary and higher education in Scotland in the second half of the twentieth century. Research Papers in Education. 2021 May 24. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2021.1931951
Paterson L. Social class and sex differences in higher-education attainment among adults in Scotland since the 1960s. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies. 2021 Apr 9. https://doi.org/10.1332/175795921X16140986832835
Paterson L. The experience of school in Scotland, 1970s to 1990s. British Educational Research Journal. 2020 Dec 31;46(6):1171-1192. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3627
Paterson L. Schools, policy and social change: Scottish secondary education in the second half of the twentieth century. Research Papers in Education. 2020 Dec 3. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2020.1849370
Naumann I, Paterson L. Why Swedes trust the state and Scots do not: An exploration of the diverse Protestant roots of modern welfare systems. Journal of Historical Sociology. 2020 Dec;33(4):473-488. https://doi.org/10.1111/johs.12299
Paterson L. Curriculum and opportunity in Scottish secondary education: A half-century of expansion and inequality. The Curriculum Journal. 2020 Nov 30;31(4):722-744. https://doi.org/10.1002/curj.55
Paterson L. Student Experience of Scottish Boarding Schools, 1970s-1990s. 2020. 24 p.
O'Hanlon F, Paterson L, McLeod W. Classifying Gaelic-medium education: Language use in pre-school, primary school and secondary school settings. In Kidd S, Clancy T, O Maolalaigh R, editors, Litreachas, Eachdraidh agus Cànan: Rannsachadh na Gaidhlig 7. Celtic and Gaelic University of Glasgow. 2020. p. 296-319
Paterson L. Social inequality in Catholic schools in Scotland in the second half of the twentieth century. British Journal of Sociology of Education. 2020 Sep 3;41(8):1115-1132. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2020.1811080
Cairns D, Coombs N, Devine T, Hearn J, Jarvie G, MacLeod G et al. Letter concerning the David Hume Tower. 2020.
Paterson L, Blackburn L, Weedon E. The use of the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation as an indicator to evaluate the impact of policy on widening. Scottish Affairs. 2019 Oct 31;28(4):414-433. https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2019.0296
Anderson M, Mccrone D, Paterson L. A roch wind blawin’: Frank Bechhofer, the disruptive intellectual Scottish Affairs . 2019 Aug 1;28(3):251-261. https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2019.0283
O'Hanlon F, Paterson L. Seeing is believing? Public exposure to Gaelic and language attitudes. Scottish Affairs. 2019 Feb 28;28(1):74-101. https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2019.0266
Paterson L. The significance of the Education (Scotland) Act, 1918. Scottish Affairs. 2018 Oct 27;27(4):401-424. https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2018.0255
Iannelli C, Gamoran A, Paterson L. Fields of study: Horizontal or vertical differentiation within higher education sectors? Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. 2018 Oct;57:11-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rssm.2018.06.004
Paterson L. Philanthropy and education in Scotland. Scottish Affairs. 2018 Apr 30;27(2):215-240. https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2018.0237
Paterson L. Scottish education and Scottish society. In McCrone D, editor, The New Sociology of Scotland. SAGE Publications Ltd. 2017. p. 246. 10
O'Hanlon F, Paterson L. Factors influencing the likelihood of choice of Gaelic-medium primary education in Scotland: Results from a national public survey. Language, Culture and Curriculum. 2017 Jan 2;30(1):48-75. https://doi.org/10.1080/07908318.2016.1230620
Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A. The English Question II: Elite-Driven Devolution Deals. In Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A, editors, Publics, Elites and Constitutional Change in the UK: A Missed Opportunity?. 1 ed. Palgrave Macmillan. 2017. p. 125-148. (Comparative Territorial Politics). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52818-2_6
Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A. Conclusion. In Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A, editors, Publics, Elites and Constitutional Change in the UK: A Missed Opportunity?. 1 ed. Palgrave Macmillan. 2017. p. 149-159. (Comparative Territorial Politics). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52818-2_7
Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A. Publics, Elites and Constitutional Change in the UK: A Missed Opportunity? 1 ed. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. 177 p. (Comparative Territorial Politics). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52818-2
Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A. Introduction. In Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A, editors, Publics, Elites and Constitutional Change in the UK: A Missed Opportunity?. 1 ed. Palgrave Macmillan. 2017. p. 1-19. (Comparative Territorial Politics). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52818-2_1
Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A. Political Engagement. In Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A, editors, Publics, Elites and Constitutional Change in the UK: A Missed Opportunity?. 1 ed. Palgrave Macmillan. 2017. p. 21-44. (Comparative Territorial Politics). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52818-2_2
Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A. Voting at 16: Lessons from Scotland for the Rest of the UK? In Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A, editors, Publics, Elites and Constitutional Change in the UK: A Missed Opportunity?. 1 ed. Palgrave Macmillan. 2017. p. 45-75. (Comparative Territorial Politics). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52818-2_3
Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A. The Smith Commission: An Elite-Driven Process. In Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Redmond A, editors, Publics, Elites and Constitutional Change in the UK: A Missed Opportunity?. 1 ed. Palgrave Macmillan. 2017. p. 77-102. (Comparative Territorial Politics). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52818-2_4
Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A. The English Question I: Is EVEL the Answer? In Kenealy D, Eichhorn J, Parry R, Paterson L, Remond A, editors, Publics, Elites and Constitutional Change in the UK: A Missed Opportunity?. 1 ed. Palgrave Macmillan. 2017. p. 103-124. (Comparative Territorial Politics). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52818-2_5
National Records of Scotland. Scotland's Census 2011: Gaelic Report (Parts 1 and 2). Edinburgh: National Records of Scotland, 2015. 129 p.
Paterson L. Social Radicalism and Liberal Education. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2015. 310 p. (St Andrews Studies in Philosophy and Public Affairs).
Quinlan S, Shephard M, Paterson L. Referendums and social media: flaming keyboards or forums for deliberation? Electoral Studies. 2015 Jun;38(2):192-205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2015.02.009
O'Hanlon F, Paterson L. Gaelic education since 1872. In Freeman M, Anderson R, Paterson L, editors, The Edinburgh History of Education in Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 2015. p. 304-325
Paterson L. Democracy or intellect? The Scottish educational dilemma of the twentieth century. In Anderson R, Freeman M, Paterson L, editors, The Edinburgh History of Education in Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 2015. p. 226-245
Anderson R, (ed.), Freeman M, (ed.), Paterson L, (ed.). The Edinburgh History of Education in Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2015. 384 p.
Ormston R, Paterson L. Higher education: investing in the future? Attitudes to university. In Ormston R, Curtice J, editors, British Social Attitudes: the 32nd Report. Vol. 32. London: NatCen Social Research. 2015. p. 53-73. (British Social Attitudes).
Paterson L. George Davie and the democratic intellect. In Graham G, editor, Scottish Philosophy in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2015. p. 236-269. (A History of Scottish Philosophy). https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560684.003.0010
Paterson L, Calvin C, Deary I. Education, employment and school religious denomination in Scotland in the 1950s. Oxford Review of Education. 2015;41(1):26-46. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054985.2014.992330
Paterson L, O'Hanlon F. Public views of minority languages as communication or symbol: the case of Gaelic in Scotland. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development . 2015;1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.2014.972959
Paterson L. Utopian pragmatism: Scotland’s choice. Scottish Affairs. 2015;24(1):22-46. https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2015.0052
Paterson L, O'Hanlon F, Ormston R, Reid S. Public attitudes to Gaelic and the debate about Scottish autonomy. Regional & Federal Studies. 2014 Aug 8;24(4):429-450. https://doi.org/10.1080/13597566.2013.877449
Paterson L. Education and opportunity: is the UK departing from a common tradition? Journal of the British Academy. 2014 Aug;2:101-123. https://doi.org/10.5871/jba/002.101
Paterson L. The paradox of Scottish political culture. Scottish Affairs. 2014 Jun;23(3):291-308. https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2014.0029
Calvin C, Crang J, Paterson L, Deary I. Childhood evacuation during World War II and subsequent cognitive ability: The Scottish Mental Survey 1947. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies. 2014 Apr;5(2):227-244. https://doi.org/10.14301/llcs.v5i2.255
Paterson L. Education, social attitudes and social participation among adults in Britain. Sociological Research Online. 2014 Feb 1;19(1):187-201. https://doi.org/10.5153/sro.3235
Paterson L, Gow A, Deary I. School Reform and Opportunity throughout the Lifecourse: The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. School effectiveness and school improvement. 2014 Jan 2;25(1):105-125. https://doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2013.772903
Shephard M, Quinlan S, Tagg S, Paterson L. Engaging the Brain as Well as the Heart: Political Literacy and Social Media Platforms. In Mycock A, Tonge J, editors, Beyond the Youth Citizenship Commission: Young People and Politics. London: Political Studies Association. 2014. p. 37-41
Eichhorn J, Paterson L, MacInnes J, Rosie M. AQMeN Teaching Materials - Understanding research on social attitudes regarding the Scottish Independence Referendum 2014. 2013.
Paterson L. Outstanding Students and Philanthropic Contributions in Scottish School Education. The David Hume Institute, 2013. 52 p. (Hume Occasional Papers).
Paterson L. Comprehensive Education, Social Attitudes and Civic Engagement. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies. 2013;4(1):17-32.
Paterson L. Competitive Opportunity and Liberal Culture: The Significance of Scottish Education in the Twentieth Century. British Educational Research Journal. 2013. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3089
O'Hanlon F, Paterson L, McLeod W. Language Models in Gaelic Medium Pre-School, Primary and Secondary Education. Inverness : Soillse, 2012. 105 p.
O'Hanlon F, Paterson L, McLeod W. The attainment of pupils in Gaelic-medium primary education in Scotland. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism. 2012;16(6):707-729. https://doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2012.711807
Paterson L. Cox, (Charles) Brian (1928-2008). In Goldman L, editor, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. 2012
Iannelli C, Paterson L, Gamoran A. Scottish higher education, 1987–2001: expansion through diversion. Oxford Review of Education. 2011 Dec 1;37(6):717-741. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054985.2011.636227
Paterson L, Pattie A, Deary I. Social class, gender and secondary education in Scotland in the 1950s. Oxford Review of Education. 2011 Aug;37(3):383-401. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054985.2011.564847
Paterson L. The reinvention of Scottish liberal education: secondary schooling, 1900-1939. The Scottish Historical Review. 2011 Apr;90(1):96-130. https://doi.org/10.3366/shr.2011.0005
Paterson L. Politics, Citizenship and Social Capital. In Wadsworth M, Bynner J, editors, A Companion to Life Course Studies: the Social and Historical Context of the British Birth Cohort Studies. Routledge. 2011. p. 19-42
O'Hanlon F, McLeod W, Paterson L. Gaelic-medium Education in Scotland: Choice and attainment at the primary and early secondary school stages. Bòrd na Gàidhlig , 2010. 102 p.
Paterson L, Pattie A, Deary I. Post-school education and social class destinations in Scotland in the 1950s. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies. 2010;1(4):371-393. 4. https://doi.org/10.14301/llcs.v1i4.132
Paterson L. Civil society and the parliament. In Jeffery C, Mitchell J, editors, The Scottish Parliament 1999-2009: The First Decade. Hansard Society. 2009. p. 113-118
Paterson L. Does Scottish education need traditions? Discourse. 2009;30:269-281. https://doi.org/10.1080/01596300903036871
Paterson L. Universities and nations in Britain in the twentieth century. In Bechhofer F, McCrone D, editors, National Identity, Nationalism and Constitutional Change. Palgrave. 2009. p. 163-188
Paterson L. Civic values and the subject matter of educational courses. Oxford Review of Education. 2009;35(1):81-98. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054980802351801
Paterson L. Liberals, libertarians and educational theory. Etudes Ecossaises. 2009;11:143-158.
Paterson L. Political Attitudes, social participation and social mobility: a longitudinal analysis. British Journal of Sociology. 2008;59(3):413-434. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-4446.2008.00201.x
Paterson LJ, Iannelli C. Social class and educational attainment: a comparative study of England, Wales and Scotland. Sociology of Education. 2007;80:330-358. https://doi.org/10.1177/003804070708000403
Iannelli C, Paterson LJ. Education and social mobility in Scotland. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. 2007;25:219-232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rssm.2007.08.001
Paterson L. The renewal of social democratic educational thought in Scotland. In Keating M, editor, Scottish Social Democracy: Progressive Ideas for Public Policy. Peter Lang Publishing Group. 2007. p. 59-84
Paterson L, Iannelli C. Patterns of absolute and relative social mobility: a comparative study of England, Wales and Scotland. Sociological Research Online. 2007.
Paterson L. Sources of support for the SNP. In Bromley C, Curtice J, McCrone D, Park A, editors, Has Devolution Delivered?. Edinburgh University Press. 2006. p. 46-68
Croxford L, Paterson L. Trends in social class segregation between schools in England, Wales and Scotland since 1984. Research Papers in Education. 2006;21(4):381-406. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671520600942388
Iannelli C, Paterson L. Social Mobility in Scotland since the Middle of the Twentieth Century. The Sociological Review. 2006;54:520-545.
Paterson LJ, Iannelli C. Religion, social mobility and education in Scotland. British Journal of Sociology. 2006;57(3):353-377.
Paterson L, Bond R. Higher education and critical citizenship: a survey of academics' views in Scotland and England. Pedagogy, Culture and Society. 2005;13(2):205-231.
Bond R, Paterson L. Coming down from the ivory tower? Academics' civic and economic engagement with the community. Oxford Review of Education. 2005;31(3):331-351.
Paterson L, Bond R. Have Scottish academic values been eroded? Scottish Affairs. 2005;52:15-44.
Paterson L. Education: the importance of culture. In MacAskill K, editor, Agenda for a New Scotland. Luath. 2005. p. 143-152
Paterson L. The Modernising of the Democratic Intellect: The Role of English in Scottish Secondary Education, 1900-1939. Journal of Scottish Historical Studies. 2004;24(1):45-79.
Paterson L, Bechhofer F, McCrone D. Living in Scotland. Edinburgh University Press, 2004.
Paterson L. Education. In MacLeod I, editor, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Scotland. Lomond Books. 2004. p. 136
Paterson L, Iannelli C, Bechhofer F, McCrone D. Social class and social opportunity. In Living in Scotland: Social and Economic Change since 1980. Edinburgh University Press. 2004. p. 80-104
Paterson L. The survival of the democratic intellect: academic values in Scotland and England. Higher Education Quarterly. 2003;57(1):67-93.
Paterson L. The three educational ideologies of the British Labour Party. Oxford Review of Education. 2003;29:165-186.
Paterson L. Civil society and the state. In Crowther J, Martin I, Shaw M, editors, Renewing Democracy in Scotland. Niace. 2003. p. 20-3
Paterson L. Scottish Education in the Twentieth Century. Edinburgh University Press, 2003.
Paterson L. Social capital and constitutional reform. In Curtice J, McCrone D, Park A, Paterson L, editors, New Scotland, New Society?. Edinburgh University Press. 2002. p. 5-32
Paterson L. Governing from the centre: ideology and public policy. In Curtice J, McCrone D, Park A, Paterson L, editors, New Scotland, New Society?. Edinburgh University Press. 2002. p. 196-218
Paterson L. Being Scottish. In Devine T, Logue P, editors, Being Scottish. Polygon. 2002. p. 208-210
Paterson L. Scottish social democracy and Blairism: difference, diversity and community. In Hassan G, Warhurst C, editors, Tomorrow's Scotland. Lawrence and Wishart. 2002. p. 116-129
McCrone D, Paterson L. The conundrum of Scottish independence. Scottish Affairs. 2002;40:54-75.
Paterson L. Is Britain Disintegrating? Changing Views of 'Britain' after devolution. Regional & Federal Studies. 2002;12:21-42.
Paterson L. Civic democracy. In Hassan G, Warhurst C, editors, Anatomy of the New Scotland. Mainstream. 2002. p. 56-64
Paterson L. Scotland. In Gearon L, editor, Education in the United Kingdom. David Fulton. 2002. p. 29-39
Curtice J, McCrone D, Park A, Paterson L, Curtice J, (ed.), McCrone D, (ed.) et al. New Scotland, New Society? Edinburgh University Press, 2002.
Paterson L. Scottish education. Journal of the Scottish Support for Learning Association. 2001;31-39.
Paterson L, Brown A, Curtice J, Hinds K, McCrone D, Park A et al. New Scotland, New Politics? Edinburgh University Press, 2001.
Paterson L. Schools and schooling: mass education, 1872 - present. In Lynch M, editor, Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford University Press. 2001. p. 566-569
Paterson L. Universities post-Robbins. In Lynch M, editor, Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford University Press. 2001. p. 614-5
Paterson L. Andrew Bell. In Lynch M, editor, Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford University Press. 2001. p. 39-40
Paterson L. L'enseignement ecossais et sa specificite: approche historique. Carrefours de L'Education. 2001;11:90-103.
Paterson L. A.S. Neill. In Lynch M, editor, Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford University Press. 2001. p. 448-9
Paterson L. Henry Craik. In Lynch M, editor, Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford University Press. 2001. p. 114-115
Paterson L. Higher education and European regionalism. Pedagogy, Culture and Society. 2001;9:133-160.
Paterson L. Social inclusion and the Scottish parliament. Scottish Affairs. 2000;30:68-77.
Paterson L. Crisis in the Classroom: the Exam Debacle and the Way Ahead for Scottish Education. Mainstream, 2000.
Paterson L. Civil society and democratic renewal. In Baron S, Field J, Schuller T, editors, Social Capital: Social Theory and the Third Way. Oxford University Press. 2000. p. 39-55
Bechhofer F, Paterson L. Principles of Research Design in the Social Sciences. Routledge, 2000.
Paterson L. Catholic education and Scottish democracy. Journal of Education and Christian Belief. 2000;4:37-49.
Paterson L. Salvation through education: the changing social status of Scottish Catholics. In Devine TM, editor, Scotland's Shame? Bigotry, Sectarianism and Catholicism in Modern Scotland. Mainstream. 2000. p. 145-157
Paterson L. Popular attitudes to student finance and higher education expansion. In Office S, editor, Research Report vol II, report of the independent Committee of Inquiry into Student Finance. Edinburgh. 2000. p. 394-407
Paterson L. Scottish traditions in education. In Holmes H, editor, Compendium to Scottish Ethnology. Tuckwell. 2000. p. 21-43
Paterson L. Discussion of paper by M Cresswell on public examinations. In Goldstein H, Heath A, editors, Educational Standards. Oxford University Press. 2000. p. 109-115
Paterson L. The social class of Catholics in Scotland. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A. 2000;163(3):363-379.
Paterson L. Does civil society speak for the people? Evidence from a survey of Scottish teachers. Sociological Review. 2000;48:102-123.
Fairley J, Paterson L. Scottish education and social justice. Education and Social Justice. 2000;2(3):39-50.
Paterson L. Time to take the high road. Redpepper. 2000;68:18-19.
Paterson L. Citizenship in Scotland. Scottish Journal of Adult and Continuing Education. 2000;6:95-104.
Paterson L. Scottish democracy and Scottish utopias: the first year of the Scottish parliament. Scottish Affairs. 2000;33:45-61.
Paterson L. Civil society: Enlightenment ideal and demotic nationalism. Social Text. 2000;65:109-6.
Paterson L. Education and the Scottish Parliament. Dunedin Academic Press, 2000.
Paterson L. Education and the Scottish parliament. In Main B, editor, Working with the Scottish Parliament: Special Issue of Hume Papers on Public Policy. Edinburgh University Press. 1999. p. 33-45
Paterson L. Education and the Scottish parliament. University of Edinburgh Journal. 1999;39:29-33.
Paterson L. Educational provision: an overview. In Bryce T, Humes W, editors, Scottish Education.. Edinburgh University Press. 1999. p. 17-26
Paterson L. Entry to higher education in Scotland: comments on paper by R D Osborne. Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland. 1999;28:299-306.
Brown A, McCrone D, Paterson L, Surridge P. The Scottish Electorate: the 1997 General Election and Beyond. Macmillan, 1999.
Paterson L. Why should we respect civic Scotland? In Hassan G, Warhurst C, editors, A Different Future. Centre for Scottish Public Policy and Big Issue in Scotland. 1999. p. 34-42
Paterson L. Social movements and the politics of educational change. In Crowther J, Martin I, Shaw M, editors, Popular Education and Social Movements in Scotland Today.. National Institute for Adult and Continuing Education. 1999. p. 41-53
Paterson L, Jones W. Does civil society drive constitutional change? The cases of Wales and Scotland. In Taylor B, Thomson K, editors, Wales and Scotland: Nations Again?. University of Wales Press. 1999. p. 169-197
Surridge P, Brown A, McCrone D, Paterson L. Scotland: constitutional preferences and voting behaviour. In Norris P, Evans G, editors, Critical Elections? British Parties and Voters in Long-Term Perspective. SAGE Publications Ltd. 1999. p. 223-239
Paterson L. The civic activism of Scottish teachers: explanations and consequences. Oxford Review of Education. 1998;24:279-302.
Paterson L. Where now for Scottish autonomy? Renewal: a journal of social democracy. 1998;6:23-29.
Paterson L. The Scottish parliament and Scottish civil society: which side will education be on? Political Quarterly. 1998;69:224-233.
Paterson L. Multilevel multivariate regression: an illustration concerning teachers' perceptions of their pupils. Educational Research and Evaluation. 1998;4:126-142.
Paterson L. Scottish home rule: radical break or pragmatic adjustment. Regional & Federal Studies. 1998;8:53-67.
Paterson L. Education, local government and the Scottish parliament. Scottish Educational Review. 1998;29:52-60.
Brown A, McCrone D, Paterson L. Politics and Society in Scotland (second edition). Macmillan, 1998.
Paterson L. Higher education, social capital and the Scottish parliament. Scottish Affairs. 1998;22,Winter:99-111.
Surridge P, Paterson L, Brown A, McCrone D, Paterson L, (ed.). The Scottish electorate and the Scottish parliament. Scottish Affairs. 1998;36-60.
Paterson L. Scottish civil society and the Scottish parliament. Etudes Ecossaises. 1998;5:57-76.
Paterson L. Educational Research and Scottish democracy. Scottish Educational Review. 1998;30:93-109.
Paterson L. Education and citizenship. Scotland Forum. 1998;5(4).
Paterson L, Paterson L, (ed.). A Diverse Assembly: the Debate on a Scottish Parliament. Edinburgh University Press, 1998.
Paterson L. Scottish higher education and the Scottish parliament: the consequences of mistaken national identity. European Review. 1998;6:459-474.
Paterson L. Now we are one. Edit: the University of Edinburgh Magazine. 1998;15:18-19.
Paterson L. Scottish autonomy and the future of the welfare state. Scottish Affairs. 1997;19,Spring:55-73.
Paterson L. Student achievement and educational change in Scotland, 1980-1995. Scottish Educational Review. 1997;29:10-19.
Paterson L. Scottish education. Journal of the Modern Studies Association. 1997;41-45.
Paterson L. Trends in higher education participation in Scotland. Higher Education Quarterly. 1997;51:29-48.
Paterson L. Scottish politics and the future of the welfare state. In Morton A, editor, The Future of Welfare. Centre for Theology and Public Issues. 1997. p. 68-76
Paterson L. Individual autonomy and comprehensive education. British Educational Research Journal. 1997;23:315-327.
Paterson L. A commentary on methods currently being used in Scotland to evaluate schools statistically. In Watson K, Modgil S, Modgil C, editors, Educational Dilemmas: Debate and Diversity.. Cassell. 1997. p. 298-312
Paterson L. Autonomy and assimilation in modern Scottish culture. Revue Franscaise de Civilisation Britannique. 1997;9:47-58.
Paterson L. Policy making in Scottish education: a case of pragmatic nationalism. In Munn P, Clark M, editors, Education in Scotland. Routledge. 1997. p. 138-155
Paterson L. Liberation or control: what are the Scottish educational traditions in the twentieth century? In Devine TM, Finlay RJ, editors, Scotland in the Twentieth Century. Edinburgh University Press. 1996. p. 230-249
Paterson L. Language and identity on the stage. In Stevenson R, Wallace G, editors, Scottish Theatre since the Seventies.. Edinburgh University Press. 1996. p. 75-83
Paterson L. Does nationalism matter? Scottish Affairs. 1996;17,Autumn:112-119.
Paterson L, McCrone D, Brown A. Politics and Society in Scotland. Macmillan, 1996.
Paterson L, Raffe D. 'Staying-on' in full-time education in Scotland, 1985-1991. Oxford Review of Education. 1995;21:3-23.
Fairley J, Paterson L. Scottish education and the 'new managerialism'. Scottish Educational Review. 1995;27:13-36.
Willms JD, Paterson L. A multilevel model for community segregation. Journal of Mathematical Sociology. 1995;20:23-40.
Paterson L. Social origins of under-achievement among school-leavers. In Dawtrey L, Holland J, Hammer M, Sheldon S, editors, Equality and Inequality in Education Policy. Open University Press. 1995. p. 77-92
Paterson L. The achievements of comprehensive education. In The Threat to Comprehensive Education. Educational Institute of Scotland. 1995. p. 6-14
Paterson L. Choice and community: the dilemma facing local government in Scotland. In Black S, editor, The Constitutional Impact of Reorganisation. Unit for the Study of Government in Scotland. 1995. p. 29-34
Paterson L. The Autonomy of Modern Scotland. Edinburgh University Press, 1994.
Paterson L. Participation in science and engineering courses by entrants to higher education from Scottish schools, 1963-1990. Scottish Educational Review. 1994;26:3-17.
Paterson L. Democracy and the curriculum in Scotland. Edinburgh Review. 1993;90:21-28.
Paterson L. Regionalism among entrants to higher education from Scottish schools. Oxford Review of Education. 1993;19:231-255.
Paterson L. Local variation in the Scottish pilot projects of the Technical and Vocational Education Initiative. Research Papers in Education. 1993;8:47-71.
McCrone D, Paterson L, Brown A. Reforming local government in Scotland. Local Government Studies. 1993;19:9-15.
Paterson L. Entry to university by school leavers. In Woodhouse G, editor, A Guide to ML3 for New Users: Second Edition. University fo London Institute of Education. 1993. p. 83-97
Paterson L. The influence of opportunity on aspirations among prospective university entrants from Scottish schools, 1970-1988. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A. 1992;155:37-60.
Paterson L. Social class in Scottish education. In Brown S, Riddell S, editors, Class, Race and Gender in Schools: A New Agenda for Policy and Practice in Scottish Education. The Scottish Council for Research in Education in association with the Educational Institute of Scotland. 1992. p. 8-17
Paterson L, Brown A, McCrone D. Constitutional crisis: The causes and consequences of the 1992 Scottish general election result. Parliamentary Affairs. 1992;45:627-639.
Paterson L. Scottish languages and Scottish identities. Scotland's Languages. 1992;1:34-36.
Paterson L. Socio-economic status and educational attainment: a multi-dimensional and multi-level study. Evaluation and Research in Education. 1991;5:97-121.
Fairley J, Paterson L. The reform of vocational education and training in Scotland. Scottish Educational Review. 1991;23:68-77.
Paterson L, Goldstein H. New statistical methods for analysing social structures: an introduction to multilevel models. British Educational Research Journal. 1991;17:387-393.
Paterson L. Ane end of ane auld sang: sovereignty and the renegotiation of the Union. In McCrone D, Brown A, editors, The Scottish Government Yearbook 1991. Unit for the Study of Government in Scotland, University of Edinburgh. 1991. p. 104-122
Paterson L. Trends in attainment in Scottish secondary schools. In Raudenbush SW, Willms JD, editors, Schools, Classrooms and Pupils. Academic Press. 1991. p. 85-100
Paterson L. An introduction to multilevel modelling. In Raudenbush SW, Willms JD, editors, Schools, Classrooms and Pupils. Academic Press. 1991. p. 13-24
Paterson L. Opinion polls: handle with care. Radical Scotland. 1991;50:26-28.
Paterson L. Multilevel logistic regression. In Prosser R, Rasbash J, Goldstein H, editors, Data Analysis with ML3. Institute of Education, University of London. 1991. p. 5-18
McPherson AF, Paterson L. Undergraduate non-completion rates: a comment. Higher Education. 1990;19:377-383.
Paterson L, Dickson DCM, Hardy MR. Perspectives on actuarial education. Journal of the Staple Inn Actuarial Society. 1990;32:145-165.
Paterson L. Communicado's Questions. Radical Scotland. 1990;47:30-31.
Paterson L. Are the Scottish middle class going native? Radical Scotland. 1990;45:10-11.
Paterson L, Raab GM, Hunter R, Laxen D, Fulton M, Fell GS et al. Factors influencing lead concentrations in shed deciduous teeth. Science of the Total Environment. 1988;60:219-233.
Paterson L, Wild P, Williams ER. An algorithm to generate designs for variety trials. Journal of Agricultural Science. 1988;111:133-136.
Paterson L. The efficiency factors of particular effects in designs with orthogonal factorial structure. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B. 1988;50:109-117.
Paterson L. Some recent work on making incomplete-block designs available as a tool for science. International Statistical Review. 1988;56:129-138.
Ainsley AE, Paterson L, Patterson HD. A method for predicting the efficiency of incomplete-block trials. Biometrics. 1987;43:55-59.
Paterson L, Wild P. Triangles and efficiency factors. Biometrika. 1986;73:289-299.
John JA, Paterson L, Wild P. Connectedness of generalised-cyclic row-and-column designs. Utilitas Mathematica. 1986;30:109-122.
Patterson HD, Williams ER, Paterson L. A note on resolvable incomplete block designs. Biometrical Journal. 1985;27:75-79.
Jeffries CJ, Boyd AF, Paterson L. Evaluation of selective media for the isolation of Fusarium solani var coerumleum and Fusarium sulphureum from soil and potato tuber tissue. Annals of Applied Biology. 1985;105:471-481.
Paterson L. Statistical criteria for uniformity in wheat, barley and oats. Nature. 1984;137:610-611.
Paterson L. Geometry and the Scottish imagination. Cenrastus. 1984;17:30-32.
Paterson L, Patterson HD. An algorithm for constructing alpha-lattice designs. Ars Combinatoria. 1983;16:87-98.
Paterson L. An upper bound for the minimum canonical efficiency factor of incomplete block designs. Biometrika. 1983;70:441-446.
Paterson L. Circuits and efficiency in incomplete block designs. Biometrika. 1983;70:215-225.
Paterson L. Language and society: the novels of Allan Massie. Cencrastus. 1982;10:34-36.