School of Social and Political Science

Mark Winskel

Job Title

Senior Lecturer

Photo
Mark Winskel

Room number

1.21

Building (Address)

Chisholm House

Street (Address)

High School Yards

City (Address)

Edinburgh

Country (Address)

UK

Post code (Address)

EH1 1LZ

Background

Mark Winskel is Senior Lecturer in the Science, Technology and Innovation Studies research group. His current research includes work on energy expertise and research-policy exchange for the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC).

He also supports UKERC's policy engagement efforts in Scotland, and works closely with ClimateXChange (CXC), Scotland's national centre for expertise on climate change. He was CXC's Policy Director (2019-20) and is a member of CXC's Directorate (since 2016).

He was previously UKERC’s national Research Co-ordinator, a role that involved designing, supporting and leading collaborations between social scientists and economists, engineers and physical scientists, and environmental and biological scientists. Other research interests include evidence review, whole energy system change and energy scenarios.

He has acted as an advisor for the International Energy Agency, the Scottish Government and Scottish Parliament and many others.  He has been researching energy systems, policies and organisations for over 25 years.

Publications

Academic Journal Papers

M. Winskel (2018) ‘The pursuit of interdisciplinary whole systems energy research: Insights from the UK Energy Research Centre’, Energy Research and Social Science, 37, 74–84

Watson, J., R. Gross, I. Ketsopoulou and M. Winskel (2015) ' The Impact of uncertainties on the UK's medium-term climate change targets', Energy Policy, Energy Policy, 87, 685–695

R. Williams, S. Liff and M. Winskel (2015) ‘The Politics of Innovation for Environmental Sustainability: Celebrating the Contribution of Stewart Russell (1955–2011)

Vol. 1: Science and Technology Studies, 27, 3, 3-14;

Vol. 2: Science and Technology Studies, 28, 1, 3-9.

M. Winskel (2014). 'Embedding Social Sciences in Interdisciplinary Research: Recent Experiences from Interdisciplinary Energy Research' Science as Culture 23(3): 413-418.

M. Winskel and J. Radcliffe (2014), ‘The rise of accelerated energy innovation and its implications for sustainable innovation studies: a UK perspective’, Science and Technology Studies, 27, 1, 8-33.

M. Winskel, J. Radcliffe, J. Skea and X. Wang (2014) 'Remaking the UK's energy technology innovation system: From the margins to the mainstream', Energy Policy, 68, 591-602,

H. Jeffrey, A. McGillivray, M. Winskel and I. Bryden (2014), ‘Innovation and Cost Reduction for Marine Renewable Energy: a Learning Investment sensitivity analysis’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 87, 108-124, DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.11.005

M.Winskel, N. Markusson, H. Jeffrey, C. Candelise, G. Dutton, P. Howarth, S. Jablonski, C. Kalyvas and D. Ward (2014) 'Between Learning Rates and Innovation Studies: Learning Pathways for Emerging Energy Supply Technologies', Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 81, 96–114

Candelise, C., Winskel, M. & Gross, R (2013) The dynamics of solar PV costs and prices as a challenge for technology forecasting. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 26, p. 96-107, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.05.012

H. Jeffrey, B. Jay and M. Winskel (2013) ‘Accelerating marine energy: Exploring the prospects, benefits and impacts, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 80, 1306–1316, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2012.03.004

Hawkey, D., Webb, J. and Winskel, M. (2013) Organisation and Governance of Urban Energy Systems: District Heating and Cooling in the UK, Journal of Cleaner Production, 50, p. 22-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.11.018

C. Candelise, M. Winskel and R. Gross (2012) 'Implications for PV technologies of indium and tellurium scarcity' Progress in Photovoltaics, 20, 816-831

L.Hudson, M. Winskel and S. Allen (2011) The hesitant emergence of low carbon technologies in the UK: the micro-CHP innovation system', Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 23, 3 March 2011 , 297 - 312 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09537325.2011.550396

A. Mukora, M. Winskel, H. F. Jeffrey and M. Mueller (2009) Learning curves for emerging energy technologies, Proceedings of the ICE - Energy, Volume 162, Issue 4, November 2009  https://doi.org/10.1680/ener.2009.162.4.151

M. Winskel (2007) ‘Renewable Energy Innovation: Collaborative Learning and Intellectual Property’. International Journal of Global Energy Issues, Vol. 27, No. 4, 472-491. DOI: 10.1504/IJGEI.2007.014868

M. Winskel, A. McLeod, R. Wallace, R. Williams (2006) ‘Energy Policy and Institutional Context: Marine Energy Innovation Systems’, Science and Public Policy, Vol. 33, No. 5, 365-376, June 2006. https://doi.org/10.3152/147154306781778939

M. Winskel (2002) ‘When Systems are Overthrown: The ‘Dash for Gas’ in the British Electricity Supply IndustrySocial Studies of Science, Vol. 32, No. 4, 565-599, August 2002

M. Winskel (2002) ‘Autonomy’s End: Nuclear Power and the Privatization of the British Electricity Supply IndustrySocial Studies of Science, Vol. 32, No. 3, 439-467, June 2002

Books, book chapters

M. Winskel (2016) ‘From optimisation to diversity: Changing scenarios of UK buildings heating’ in D. Hawkey, J. Webb, D. McCrone. H. Lovell and M Winskel Sustainable Urban Energy Systems, pp.68-90, Routledge, London. A working paper version is available here

M.Winskel (2012) 'Carbon Capture and Storage: A Disruptive Innovation for Innovation Theory' in N. Markusson, S. Shackley and B. Evar Shaping the Future of CCS: Understanding Carbon Capture and Storage Systems and Knowledge from Social Science Perspectives, Taylor and Francis, London

J. Skea, P. Ekins and M. Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London

M. Winskel, G. Anandarajah, J. Skea and B. Jay (2011) 'Accelerating the Development of Energy Supply Technologies:The Role of Research and Innovation' in J. Skea, P. Ekins and M Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London

J. Skea, P. Ekins and M. Winskel (2011) 'UK Energy Policy and Institutions' in J. Skea, P. Ekins and M Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London

J. Skea, X. Wang and M. Winskel (2011) UK Energy in an Era of Globalization: Trends, Technologies and Environmental Impacts in J. Skea, P. Ekins and M Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London

P. Ekins, M. Winskel and J. Skea (2011) 'Putting It All Together: Implications for Policy and Action' in J. Skea, P. Ekins and M Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London

M. Winskel (2007) ‘Multi-level Governance and Energy Policy: Renewable Energy in Scotland’ in J. Murphy (ed.) Governing Technology for Sustainability. London. Earthscan, pp182-199.

J. Skea, P. Ekins and M. Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London

Working papers, policy papers and consultancy reports

Watson, J. and M. Winskel (eds.) (2017) ‘Scottish Energy Strategy: The Future of Energy in Scotland: Consultation response by the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC)’, UK Energy Research Centre, London

Low, R., M. Winskel and A. Kerr (2017) CXC consultation response: Draft Scottish Energy Strategy: The future of energy in Scotland, ClimateXChange, Edinburgh

M. Winskel (2015) 'Systems Thinking and Systems Modelling for Low Carbon Heating: Changing scenarios of domestic heating futures in the UK' Working Paper, March 2015

M. Winskel, D. Hawkey and R. Bolton (2014) ‘UK Energy System in Transition: Technology, Infrastructure and Investment’, UK Energy Research Centre / Edinburgh Centre for Carbon innovation, April 2014

M. Winskel, I. Ketsopoulou and T. Churchouse (2014) UKERC Interdisciplinary Review: Synthesis Report, UKERC Working Paper, London

M. Winskel (2013) ‘Energy Independence and Interdependence: a Workshop on Scotland’s Energy Future’, Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation / UK Energy Research Centre, December 2013

M. Winskel (2013) ‘Energy and People: attitudes, behaviours and policies’, Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation / UK Energy Research Centre, December 2013

H. Jeffrey and M. Winskel (2010) 'The Opportunity and Challenge for Ocean Energy as part of Energy System Decarbonisation: the UK Scenario' International Energy Agency, IEA-OES Annual Report 2009.

N. Markusson, B. Jay, M. Winskel and R. Bellingham (2010) Governing Decarbonisation in Scotland: Exploring the Transitions Options Report for the Scottish Government, Scottish Institute for Advanced Studies, Glasgow.

Winskel, M., N. Markusson, B. Moran and H. Jeffrey (eds.) (2009) Accelerated Development of Low Carbon Energy Supply Technologies (2009) UKERC Research Report, London.

M. Winskel, N. Markusson and H. Jeffrey (2008) ‘Technology Change and Energy Systems: Learning Pathways for Future Sources of Energy’ UKERC Working Paper, London.

M. Winskel and B. Moran (2008) 'Innovation Studies and Low Carbon Innovation: Recent Theoretical and Empirical Developments', report for the Carbon Trust, London.

M. Winskel (2007) 'Renewable Energy Networks and Clusters', report for One North East, Newcastle and Ove Arup, London.

Blogposts, Book Reviews, Magazine Articles, etc.

M. Winskel ‘The analytical and political challenges of integrated energy policy making in Scotland’ University of Edinburgh ‘Energy and Society’ blogpost, May 2017

M. Winskel ‘Reconciling Energy Policy with Industrial Strategy: a commentary on the UK Government’s Industrial Strategy Green Paper’ blogpost for ClimateXChange, March 2017

M. Winskel ‘Mixing ambition with risk: climate and energy policymaking in Scotland’ blogpost for UKERC, February 2017

M. Winskel ‘Towards an Integrated Energy Strategy for Scotland’, UK Energy Research Centre blog article, Sept 2016

M. Winskel (2015) 'Doing Interdisciplinary Whole Systems Research: Looking back on UKERC's first 10 years', May 2015 (National Energy Research Network Blogpost).

M. Winskel (2014) 'Devolving further energy policy powers: a short commentary for the Smith Commission', Personal submission to the Smith Commission, October 2014.

M. Winskel (2014) Voters aren’t getting a full picture of UK energy prospects if Scotland leaves the union, UK Energy Research Centre and The Conversation, April 2014

M. Winskel, C. Candelise, H. Jeffrey and B. Jay (2010) 'How to Accelerate the Development of Renewable Energy' Energy World, November 2010

M. Winskel (2007) 'Governing Technology by Intellectual Property Rights' review of Intellectual Property Rights: Innovation,Governance and the Institutional Environment edited by Birgitte Andersen, in Science and Public Policy, July 2007, 450-452

M. Winskel (2007) Review of 'Energy and culture: perspectives on the power to work', by Brendan Dooley (Ed.) in Science of the Total Environment 376 (2007) 359–360

M. Winskel (2006) 'Taking the Initiative' Energy Engineering May / June 2006, 37-39

Research interests

Research interests

My research interests cover a number of related themes:

Interdisciplinarity, expertise, evidence and research-policy exchange

My outputs here include:

I am also involved in conducting evidence reviews to support energy and climate policy. A recent research output here is:

Whole System Energy Scenarios

Research Outputs here include:

Energy innovation systems and dynamics

My outputs here include:

Current Projects

  • UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC). I have been involved with UKERC since 2006, and I was UKERC's national Research Co-ordinator for five years (2009-14). In 'Phase 4' UKERC (2019-2024), I am working on evidence reviews and research-policy exchange.
  • ClimateXChange (CXC). CXC is Scotland's national centre for expertise on climate change. I have been involved with CXC since its inception in 2011, I have been a member of CXC's Directorate since 2016, and was CXC's interim Policy Director, 2019-20. I lead a project for CXC on 'Energy Policy Effectiveness', which conducts evidence reviews to support energy and climate policy development in Scotland. Dr Niall Kerr is the CXC Postdoctoral Research Fellow on the project.
  • The National Centre for Energy Systems Integration (CESI). I have recently led a project for CESI on conducting interdisciplinary research for whole energy systems integration. The project results are now being written up for publication.

Completed Projects

  • In UKERC Phase 3 (2014-19) I led a project which analysed expert views on UK energy system change. Working with Dr Michael Kattirtzi, this involved a major 'Policy Delphi' of UK energy researchers and stakeholders. A summary of the project and a briefing paper on our results is available here
  • In UKERC Phase 2 (2009-14) I led a project which analysed interdisciplinarity in energy research, especially 'whole systems' research. I worked on this project with Tim Churchouse and Dr. Ioanna Ketsopoulou. An introduction to the work and the UKERC research report on the project is available here
  • In UKERC Phase 1 (2004-09) I was co-leader of a large interdisciplinary project on the future of the UK energy system, the 'Energy 2050' project. I co-edited and co-authored a book (with Professors Jim Skea and Paul Ekins), and a UKERC report on the findings. I also led an interdisciplinary programme of work on 'Accelerated Energy Innovation', leading to a major UKERC Working Paper.

Other Research Activities

PhD Topics

I am interested in supervising PhD applicants on topics related to research-policy exchange and expertise, interdisciplinarity in energy studies, whole energy systems research and policy, and energy and climate policy, especially from a STIS (Science, Technology and Innovation Studies) analytical perspective.

Find out more about the programmes that I am involved with:

Current PhD Students

  • Harry Moncreiff (with Dr Ronan Bolton) 'Energy Systems in Transition: oil and gas company strategies in relation to low carbon energy'
  • Andreas Lindemann (with Dr. Ronan Bolton) 'Understanding governance of energy networks through transition cost allocation'

Completed PhD Students

  • Evangelos Gazis (2015) (with Dr Chiara Candelise) 'Development and Diffusion of Building-Integrated Photovoltaics: Analysing Innovation Dynamics in Multi-Sectoral Technologies'
  • Seyed Emamian (2014) (with Professor Robin Williams) 'Characterising and explaining the UK electricity policy change, with focus on Electricity Market Reform'
  • Audrey Mukora (2013) (with Professor Markus Mueller) 'Learning Curves for Emerging Energy Technologies:
    “Integrating Learning Curves with Engineering Assessments for Modelling Technical Change in Early Stage Low Carbon Energy Supply Technologies”

Staff Hours and Guidance

Various - depending on which course. Please email me if you would like an appointment outside my course hours.

Publications by user content

Publication Research Explorer link
Winskel M, Kattirtzi M. Transitions, disruptions and revolutions: Expert views on prospects for a smart and local energy revolution in the UK Energy Policy. Energy Policy. 2020 Sep 1;147. 111815. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111815
Kattirtzi M, Winskel M. When experts disagree: Using the Policy Delphi method to analyse divergent expert expectations and preferences on UK energy futures. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2020 Apr;153:1-10. 119924. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.119924
Kerr N, Winskel M. Household investment in home energy retrofit: A review of the evidence on effective public policy design for privately owned homes. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2020 Feb 27;123. 109778. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2020.109778
Kerr N, Winskel M. Private household investment in home energy retrofit: reviewing the evidence and designing effective public policy. ClimateXChange, 2018.
Holland RA, Beaumont N, Hooper T, Austen M, Gross RJK, Heptonstall PJ et al. Incorporating ecosystem services into the design of future energy systems. Applied Energy. 2018 Jul 15;222:812-822. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.04.022
Hooper T, Austen MC, Beaumont N, Heptonstall P, Holland RA, Ketsopoulou I et al. Do energy scenarios pay sufficient attention to the environment? Lessons from the UK to support improved policy outcomes. Energy Policy . 2018 Apr 1;115:397-408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2018.01.028
Winskel M. The pursuit of interdisciplinary whole systems energy research: Insights from the UK Energy Research Centre. Energy Research & Social Science. 2018 Mar;37:74-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2017.09.012
Winskel M. Beyond the disruption narrative: Varieties and ambiguities of energy system change. Energy Research & Social Science. 2018 Mar;37:232-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2017.10.046
Bolton R (Author), Silvast A (Author), Winskel M (Author). The Implications of Brexit for Energy Policy Future of the UK and Scotland, Centre on Constitutional Change, University of Edinburgh. 2016.
Bolton R (Author), Silvast A (Author), Winskel M (Author). The Implications of Brexit for Energy Policy Scottish ClimateXChange. 2016.
Winskel M. From optimisation to diversity: Changing scenarios of UK buildings heating. In Hawkey D, Webb J, Lovell H, McCrone D, Tingey M, Winskel M, editors, Sustainable Urban Energy Systems. Abingdon: Routledge. 2016. p. 68-90
Hawkey D, Webb J, Lovell H, McCrone D, Tingey M, Winskel M. Sustainable Urban Energy Policy: Heat and the City. 1 ed. Abingdon: Routledge, 2015. 262 p. (Routledge Studies in Energy Policy). https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315739533
Williams R, Liff S, Winskel M. Guest Editorial: second part: The Politics of Innovation for Environmental Sustainability: Celebrating the Contribution of Stewart Russell (1955–2011). Science & Technology Studies. 2015 Mar;28(1):3-9.
MacGillivray A, Jeffrey H, Winskel M, Bryden I. Innovation and Cost Reduction for Marine Renewable Energy: A learning investment sensitivity analysis. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2014 Sep;87:108–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2013.11.005
Winskel M. Embedding Social Sciences in Interdisciplinary Research: Recent Experiences from Interdisciplinary Energy Research. Science as Culture. 2014 Jul 16;23(3):413-418. https://doi.org/10.1080/09505431.2014.926150
Winskel M, Radcliffe J, Skea J, Wang X. Remaking the UK's energy technology innovation system: From the margins to the mainstream. Energy Policy. 2014 May 1;68:591–602. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2014.01.009
Winskel M, Radcliffe J. The rise of accelerated energy innovation and its implications for sustainable innovation studies: A UK perspective. Science & Technology Studies. 2014 Jan 1;27(1):8-33. https://doi.org/10.23987/sts.55332
Winskel M, Markusson N, Jeffrey H, Candelise C, Dutton G, Howarth P et al. Learning pathways for energy supply technologies: Bridging between innovation studies and learning rates. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2014 Jan;81:96-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2012.10.015
Williams R, Liff S, Winskel M. Guest Editorial: The Politics of Innovation for Environmental Sustainability: Celebrating the Contribution of Stewart Russell (1955–2011). Science & Technology Studies. 2014;27(3):3-14.
Chalmers H, Gibbins J, Gross R, Haszeldine S, Heptonstall P, Kern F et al. Analysing uncertainties for CCS: From historical analogues to future deployment pathways in the UK. Energy Procedia. 2013 Dec 1;37:7668-7679. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.712
Candelise C, Winskel M, Gross R. The dynamics of solar PV costs and prices as a challenge for technology forecasting. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2013 Oct;26:96-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.05.012
Jeffrey H, Winskel M, Jay B. Accelerating the development of marine energy: exploring the prospects, benefits and challenges. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2013 Sep; Pages 1306-1316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2012.03.004
Hawkey D, Webb J, Winskel M. Organisation and Governance of Urban Energy Systems: District Heating and Cooling in the UK. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2013 Jul;50:22-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.11.018
Winskel M. CCS: A disruptive technology for innovation theory. In Markusson N, Shackley S, Evar B, editors, The Social Dynamics of Carbon Capture And Storage: Understanding CCS Representations, Governance and Innovation. 1 ed. London: Earthscan-Routledge. 2012. p. 199-221. (Science in Society Series). https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203118726
Winskel M. Carbon Capture and Storage: A Disruptive Innovation for Innovation Theory. In Markusson N, Shackley S, Evar B, editors, The Social Dynamics of Carbon Capture and Storage: Understanding CCS Representations, Governance and Innovation. London: Routledge. 2012. p. 199-221
Heptonstall P, Markusson N, Chalmers H, Winskel M. Carbon Capture and Storage: Realising the potential? 2012. (UKERC ‘Pathways and branching points for CCS to 2030’ Work Package 3, Task 6 Working Paper).
Watson J, (ed.), Kern F, Gross M, Gross R, Heptonstall P, Jones F et al. Carbon Capture and Storage: Realising the Potential? UK Energy Research Centre, 2012. 52 p.
Candelise C, Winskel M, Gross R. Implications for CdTe and CIGS technologies production costs of indium and tellurium scarcity. Progress In Photovoltaics. 2012;20(6):816-831. https://doi.org/10.1002/pip.2216
Hudson L, Winskel M, Allen S. The hesitant emergence of low carbon technologies in the UK: The micro-CHP innovation system. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management. 2011 Mar 1;23(3):297-312. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537325.2011.550396
Winskel M, Anandarajah G, Skea J, Jay B. Accelerating the Development of Energy Supply Technologies: The Role of Research and Innovation. In Skea J, Ekins P, Winskel M, editors, Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System. London: Earthscan. 2011. p. 187-218
Mukora A, Winskel M, Jeffrey H, Mueller M. Learning curves for emerging energy technologies. Proceedings of the ICE - Energy. 2009 Nov;162(4):151-159. https://doi.org/10.1680/ener.2009.162.4.151
Jeffrey H, Winskel M. The Opportunity and Challenge for Ocean Energy as Part of Energy System Decarbonisation: The UK Scenario. 2009.
Jeffrey H, Winskel M, Mueller M. An Overview of the Issues Associated with the Future Costing of Marine Energy and the Application of Learning Rate Theory. In Invited Paper, Proceedings of the International Coastal and Offshore Engineering Conference. Brest. 2008
Mueller M, Jeffrey H, Winskel M, Wallace R. The UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) Marine Renewable Energy Technology Roadmap. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Ocean Energy. 2008
Jeffrey H, Winskel M, Mueller M. Learning Rates and Cost Reduction in the Marine Energy Sector. In Proceedings of the Annual British Institute for Energy Economics. 2008
Mukora A, Jeffrey H, Winskel M, Mueller M. Wave Energy Technology Development Review in the UK: Application of the Learning Curve Concept, 1970-1999. 2008.
Winskel M. Marine energy innovation in the UK energy system: Financial capital, social capital and interactive learning. International Journal of Global Energy Issues. 2007 Oct 25;27(4):472-491. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJGEI.2007.014868
Winskel M, McLeod A, Wallace R, Williams R. Energy policy and institutional context: marine energy innovation systems. Science and Public Policy. 2006;33(5):365-376. https://doi.org/10.3152/147154306781778939
Winskel M. Autonomy's End: Nuclear Power and the Privatization of the British Electricity Supply Industry. Social Studies of Science. 2002;32(3):439-467.
Winskel M. When Systems are Overthrown: The 'Dash for Gas' in the British Electricity Supply Industry. Social Studies of Science. 2002;32(4):565-599.