School of Social and Political Science

Steve Kirkwood

Job Title

Senior Lecturer in Social Work

Photo
Steve Kirkwood's photo

Room number

2.22

Building (Address)

Chrystal Macmillan Building

Street (Address)

15a George Square

City (Address)

Edinburgh

Country (Address)

UK

Post code (Address)

EH8 9LD

Background

Please note that I am on research leave January-July 2021.

Background

I am originally from Wellington, Aotearoa / New Zealand, where I completed an honours degree in English Literature and Psychology and an MSc in Psychology at Victoria University of Wellington. My MSc focused on the topic of identity and indigenous rights. I then moved to Edinburgh where I worked as a Research Officer for the Community Justice charity, Sacro, from 2005-2009, undertaking research on a range of interventions and policy topics including Restorative Justice, supported accommodation services for ex-offenders, bail supervision, alcohol education interventions, support for street sex workers and mediation services. In 2009 I began a PhD in Psychology at the University of Edinburgh on the integration of asylum seekers and refugees in Scotland. In 2012 I completed my PhD and began working as a lecturer in Social Work at the University of Edinburgh.

Teaching

My main teaching responsibilities relate to criminal justice social work, asylum seekers and research methods. I am currently the course organiser for Working with Risk, Trust and Complexity and Social Work: Policy & Legal Frameworks.

Books

Kirkwood, S., Goodman, S., McVittie, C. & McKinlay, A. (2015). The language of asylum: Refugees and discourse. Palgrave Macmillan. [Electronic version available here]

Journal articles and book chapters

Kirkwood, S., Devaney, J. & Ross, B. (In press). Writing an essay. In B. Ross (Ed.), Writing skills for social work students. Macmillan International.

Jennings, B., Cree, V. & Kirkwood, S. (2020). Agency and Exploitation: Two sides of one coin? Women’s experiences of selling sex and engaging with NGOs in Dhaka. International Social Work. [OnlineFirst]

McCulloch, T., Cree, V., Kirkwood, S. & Mullins, E. (2020). ‘Within my work environment I don’t see gender as an issue’: Reflections on gender from a study of criminal justice social workers in Scotland. Probation Journal. [OnlineFirst]

Mullins, E. & Kirkwood, S. (2019). Co-authoring desistance narratives: Analysing interactions in groupwork for addressing sexual offending. Criminology & Criminal Justice.[OnlineFirst]

Kirkwood, S. & Hamad, R. (2019). Restorative justice informed criminal justice social work and probation services. Probation Journal, 66, 398-415. [Freely available here: https://edin.ac/2CdPrDf]

Mullins, E. & Kirkwood, S. (2019). Dams, barriers and beating yourself up: Shame in groupwork for addressing sexual offending. Journal of Social Work Practice, 33 (4), 369-384.

Goodman, S & Kirkwood, S. (2019). Political and media discourses about integrating refugees in the UK. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 1456-1470.

Kirkwood, S. (2019). History in the service of politics: Constructing narratives of history during the European refugee 'crisis'. Political Psychology, 40, 297-313.

Kirkwood, S., Roesch-Marsh, A. & Cooper, S. (2019). Evaluating social pedagogy in the UK: Methodological issues. Qualitative Social Work, 18, 8-23.

Kirkwood, S. & Goodman, S. (2018). Discursive psychological research on refugees. In S. Gibson (Ed.), Discourse, Peace, and Conflict: Discursive Psychology Perspectives (pp. 169-185). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Kirkwood, S., Cree, V., Winterstein, D., Nuttgens, A. & Sneddon, J. (2018). Encountering #Feminism on Twitter: Reflections on a research collaboration between social scientists and computer scientists. Sociological Research Online, 23 (4), 763–779.

Kirkwood, S. (2018). Criminal justice social work. In V. E. Cree & M Smith (eds.), Social work in a changing Scotland. Routledge.

Kirkwood, S., Jennings, B., Laurier, E., Cree, V. E. & Whyte, B. (2017). Towards an interactional approach to reflective practice in social work. In W. Lorenz & I. Shaw (eds.), Private Troubles or Public Issues? Challenges for Social Work Research. Routledge.

Kirkwood, S. & Munro, M. (2017). Warm words and no action: The fate of restorative justice in Scotland. Scottish Justice Matters, 5 (1), 2-3.

Kirkwood, S. (2017). The humanisation of refugees: A discourse analysis of UK parliamentary debates on the European refugee 'crisis'. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 27, 115-125.

Verhallen, T., Hall, C. J., Slembrouck, S. & Kirkwood, S. (2016). Managing arguments in social work encounters. International Journal of Child and Family Welfare, 17, 1/2, 85-104.

Kirkwood, S., Jennings, B., Laurier, E., Cree, V. E. & Whyte, B. (2016). Towards an interactional approach to reflective practice in social work. European Journal of Social Work, 19, 484-499.

Kirkwood, S. (2016). Desistance in action: An interactional approach to criminal justice practice and desistance from offending. Theoretical Criminology, 20, 220-237.

Kirkwood, S. (2015). The presence of the absent parent: Troubled families and the England ‘riots’ of 2011. In V. E. Cree, G. Clapton & M. Smith (Eds.), Revisiting moral panics (pp. 169-178) and in V. E. Cree (Ed.), The state (Moral panics in theory and practice) (pp. 43-54). Bristol: Policy Press.

Kirkwood, S. & McNeill, F. (2015). Integration and reintegration: Comparing pathways to citizenship through asylum and criminal justice. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 15, 511-526.

Kirkwood, S., McKinlay, A. & McVittie, C. (2015). ‘He's a cracking wee geezer from Pakistan’: Lay accounts of refugee integration failure and success in Scotland. Journal of Refugee Studies, 28, 1-20.

Kirkwood, S., McKinlay, A. & McVittie, C. (2014). ‘Some people it’s very difficult to trust’: Attributions of agency and accountability in practitioners’ talk about integration. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 24, 376-389.

Kirkwood, S., McKinlay, A. & McVittie, C. (2013). 'They're more than animals': Refugees' accounts of racially motivated violence. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 747-762.

Kirkwood, S., McKinlay, A. & McVittie, C. (2013). The mutually constitutive relationship between place and identity: The role of place-identity in discourse on asylum seekers and refugees. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 23, 453-465.

Bates, D. & Kirkwood, S. (2013). ‘We didnae do anything great…’ Discursive strategies for resisting detention and deportation in Scotland and the North East of England. Refugee Review: Social Movement, 1, 21-31.

Kirkwood, S. (2012). Negotiating the dilemmas of claiming asylum: A discursive analysis of interviews with refugees on life in Scotland. eSharp, Special Issue: The 1951 UN Refugee Convention - 60 Years On, 87-112.

Sambaraju, R. & Kirkwood, S. (2010). ‘We represent, here, the interests of the free world’: Accountability in Israeli leaders’ media talk on the Gaza Crisis (2008-2009). eSharp, 15, 133–156.

Kirkwood, S. (2010). Restorative justice cases in Scotland: Factors related to participation, the restorative process, agreement rates and forms of reparation. European Journal of Criminology, 7, 107-122.

Kirkwood, S. & Richley, T. (2008). Circles of support and accountability: The case for their use in Scotland to assist in the community reintegration and risk management of sexual offenders. SCOLAG Legal Journal, October 2008, 236-239.

Richley, T. & Kirkwood, S. (2008). The case for circles of support and accountability in Scotland. The Scottish Journal of Criminal Justice Studies, 14, 26-30.

Kirkwood, S. & Richley, T. (2008). Supported accommodation services for offenders. SCOLAG Legal Journal, June 2008, 141-142.

Kirkwood, S. & Dickie, D. (2008). The case for bail supervision. Scottish Criminal Law, February 2008, 264-267.

Kearney, N., Kirkwood, S. & MacFarlane, L. (2006). Restorative justice in Scotland: An overview. British Journal of Community Justice, 4 (no. 3), 55-65.

Sibley, C. G., Liu, J. H. & Kirkwood, S. (2006). Towards a social representational theory of attitude change: The effect of message framing on general and specific attitudes toward affirmative action. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 35, 3-13.

Sibley, C. G., Robertson, A. & Kirkwood, S. (2005). Pakeha attitudes toward the symbolic and resource-specific aspects of bicultural policy in New Zealand: The legitimizing role of collective guilt for historical injustices. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 34, 171-180.

Kirkwood, S., Liu, J. H. & Weatherall, A. (2005). Challenging the standard story of indigenous rights in Aotearoa / New Zealand. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 15, 493-505.

Other publications

Hamad, R., Shapland, J., Kirkwood, S., Bisset, C. & Edginton, E. (2020). Designing and Implementing Restorative Justice in Scotland. Edinburgh: The University of Edinburgh.

Kirkwood, S. (2018). Iriss insight: Restorative justice. Glasgow: Iriss.

Cree, V. E., Kirkwood, S., McCulloch, T. & Mullins, E. (2018). Criminal justice social work: Exploring gender issues: Reflections on the 1968 Act. Edinburgh: Social Work Scotland.

Kirkwood, S. (2017). Book review: Community justice in Australia: Developing knowledge, skills and values for working with offenders in the community by Brian Stout. Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work Journal, 29, 135-136.

Kirkwood, S. (2016). Book review: Developing restorative justice jurisprudence: Rethinking responses to criminal wrongdoing by Tony Foley. Rutgers Review of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books.

Mulholland, C., Eunson, J., Murray, L., Bowen, L., McIvor, G., Malloch, M., Whyte, B., Kirkwood, S. & McNeill, F. (2016). Evaluation of the reducing reoffending change fund. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.

Roesch-Marsh, A., Cooper, S. & Kirkwood, S. (2015). Social pedagogy pilot project evaluation. Edinburgh: The University of Edinburgh.

Kirkwood, S. & Laurier, E. (2014). Research briefing: Criminal justice social work practice and the study of interaction. Edinburgh: The University of Edinburgh.

Smith, M., Kirkwood, S., Llewellyn, C. & Burnett, R. (2014). Researching celebrity historic sexual abuse allegations. The Justice Gap.

Kirkwood, S. (2012). ‘Refugee’ is only a word: A discursive analysis of refugees’ and asylum seekers’ experiences in Scotland. PhD thesis, the University of Edinburgh.

Kearney, N., Kirkwood, S. & MacFarlane, L. (2009). Restorative Justice (Diversion) Services Monitoring and Evaluation Report 2006/07. Edinburgh: Sacro.

Kirkwood, S. & Richley, T. (2008). Supported accommodation services for offenders: A research literature review. Criminal Justice Social Work Development Centre for Scotland.

Kirkwood, S. (2008). Evidencing the impact of criminal justice services on re-offending. CjScotland.

Brookes, D. & Kirkwood, S. (2007). Will the victim statement scheme secure greater participation for victims in the criminal justice process? CjScotland.

Nicol, W. J., Kirkwood, S. & McFarlane, L. (2006). Youth justice services evaluation report: April 2004 – March 2005. Edinburgh: Sacro.

Podcasts

The refugee crisis. Part of the Big Idea series by the University of Edinburgh. Released 15 September 2015.

Conference and seminar presentations

From risky people to narratives of rehabilitation: Criminal justice social work interaction and desistance from crime (with Eve Mullins). Conversation Analysis and Social Work Conference, online, 15 December 2020.

Restorative justice informed criminal justice social work and probation services (with Rania Hamad). European Society of Criminology Conference, online, 10-11 September 2020.

Imagining restorative justice-informed community justice in Scotland. Event organiser and opening speaker for Implementing Restorative Justice in Scotland workshop funded by the University of Edinburgh College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 29 November 2019.

Restorative justice: Research evidence and criminal justice policy in Scotland. Evidence into policy seminar for the Scottish Government, St Andrew's House, Edinburgh, Scotland, 7 November 2019.

Unpicking social work practice skills: Warmth and respect in practice (with Eve Mullins).Discourse and Narrative Approaches to Social Work and Counselling Research Group Annual Meeting, Sintra, Portugal, 11-14 September 2019.

Online hate talk: Approaches from discursive psychology and computer science. Event organiser and opening speaker for Online Hate Talk - Race and Religion seminar funded by the British Psychological Society and Edinburgh Futures Institute, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 22 July 2019.

'I know where you've been, I've been there myself': The role of mentors in desistance from crime. The University of Edinburgh Social Work Research Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, 3 June 2019.

An interactional approach to refugee integration. Scottish Irish Migration Initiative workshop, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 20-21 March 2019.

Criminal justice social work: Exploring gender issues (with Viv Cree & Trish McCulloch). Workshop for Social Work Scotland event, Celebrating 50 Years of the Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968, Edinburgh, Scotland, 5 December 2018.

Restorative justice in Scotland. Invited guest speaker for Scottish Government Action Planning Workshops, Edinburgh, Scotland, 2 & 9 November 2018.

Dams, barriers and beating yourself up: Shame in groupwork for addressing sexual offending (with Eve Mullins). Discourse and Narrative Approaches to Social Work and Counselling Research Group Annual Meeting, University of York, England, 13-16 August 2018.

Criminal identities in transition: The role of social work in shaping non-offender identities (with Eve Mullins). European Conference on Social Work Research, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 18-20 April 2018.

The study of social work interaction as a method of knowledge exchange (with Eve Mullins, Dorte Caswell & Tanja Dall). European Conference on Social Work Research, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 18-20 April 2018.

Bringing Restorative Justice to Criminal Justice Social Work. Invited speaker for Social Work Scotland seminar Restorative Justice Practice with Adults, Edinburgh, Scotland, 11 April 2018.

History in the service of politics: Constructing narratives of history during the European refugee 'crisis'. Invited guest speaker for the University of St Andrews School of Psychology and Neuroscience Seminar Series, St Andrews, Scotland, 9 March 2018.

History in the service of politics: Constructing narratives of history during the European refugee 'crisis'. Invited guest speaker for Keele University Psychology Seminar Series, Keele, England, 21 February 2018.

History in the service of politics: Constructing narratives of history during the European refugee 'crisis'. Invited guest speaker for the Centre for Law and Society seminar, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 25 January 2018.

Why restorative justice? Opening speaker for Moving Forward with Restorative Justice in Scotland event, Edinburgh, Scotland, 13 October 2017.

History in the service of politics: Constructing national identities during the European refugee ‘crisis’. European Association of Social Psychology General Meeting, Granada, Spain, 6 July 2017.

History in the service of politics: Constructing national identities during the European refugee ‘crisis’. International Society of Political Psychology Annual Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1 July 2017.

Refugees and identity. Invited speaker for Pint of Science event, Identity and identification: Crossing the great divides, Edinburgh, Scotland, 16 May 2017.

The legitimisation of xenophobia: The UK and asylum. Invited guest speaker for Pathways for Peace seminar, Rise of the Far Right: Migration & Construction of the Other, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 29 March 2017.

History in the service of politics: Constructing narratives of history during the European refugee 'crisis.' Invited guest speaker for the York St John University School of Psychological & Social Sciences Research Seminar, York, England, 8 March 2017.

History in the service of politics: Constructing national identities during the European refugee ‘crisis.’ Invited guest speaker for the University of Edinburgh Psychology Society Lecture, Edinburgh, Scotland, 17 November 2016.

Refugees, integration and discourse. Guest speaker for the Centre for Cross-cultural Research Lab Meeting at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 19 April 2016.

Desistance in action: An interactional approach to criminal justice practice and desistance from offending. Guest speaker for the School of Psychology Colloquium at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 18 March 2016.

The politics of asylum policy. Invited guest speaker for Students without borders: Responding to the refugee crisis, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 1 November 2015.

Eurotunnel vision? Challenging perceptions on the refugee crisis. Invited panel member for public discussion organised by United Nations House and United Nations Association Scotland, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 21 September 2015.

Savile at Duncroft: Contesting high profile allegations of historical sexual abuse at a residential school (with Mark Smith, Ros Burnett & Clare Llewellyn). European Conference for Social Work Research, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 22-24 April 2015.

Competing accounts of Savile at Duncroft. Savile at Duncroft Knowledge Exchange Event, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 30 January 2015.

Desistance in action: An interactional approach to criminal justice practice and desistance from offending. Social Work Seminar Series, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 14 October 2014.

Desistance in action: Promoting pro-social identities in criminal justice groupwork. European Society for Criminology Annual Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, 12 September 2014.

Building a dataset of sensitive information (with Clare Llewellyn, Laine Ruus, Ros Burnett, Mark Smith & Rocio von Jungenfeld). IEEE/ACM Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, London, England, 8-12 September 2014.

Gathering data on allegations of sexual abuse made against former disc jockey, Jimmy Savile (with Mark Smith & Clare Llewellyn). Dealing with Data Conference, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 26 August 2014.

Desistance in action: An interactional approach to criminal justice practice and desistance from offending. Discourse and Narrative Approaches to Social Work and Counselling (DANASWAC) research group annual meeting, Durham University, England, 18-21 August 2014.

Desistance in practice: Interaction in criminal justice groupwork. Knowledge Exchange Seminar at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 22 April 2014.

Discourse analysis and criminal justice groupwork: An empirical approach to reflexive practice. 4th European Conference for Social Work Research, Bolzano, Italy, 15-17 April 2014.

Gathering data on allegations of sexual abuse made against former disc jockey, Jimmy Savile (with Mark Smith & Clare Llewellyn). Socio-Legal Studies Association Conference, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland, 10 April 2014.

Desistance in action: Interaction in domestic abuse groupwork. Invited presentation to the Social, Environmental and Organisational Psychology Research Group Seminar Series, University of Exeter, England, 20 February 2014.

Reintegration and integration: Exploring asylum seekers' and ex-offenders' pathways to citizenship (with Fergus McNeill). European Criminological Society Annual Conference, Budapest, Hungary, 5 September 2013.

'Maybe this thing is my skin': Refugees' accounts of racially motivated violence. PhD Award Lecture at the British Psychological Society Social Psychology Section Annual Conference, University of Exeter, England, 30 August 2013.

Refugees' accounts of racially motivated violence. Migration and Citizenship Research Group Seminar Series, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 23 April 2013.

Refugees' and asylum seekers' accounts of racism. British Psychological Society Annual Conference, Harrogate, England, 10 April 2013.

New racism and the consequences for victims of racially motivated violence. Presentation to the Hate Crime Strategic Development Group, Edinburgh City Chambers, Scotland, 28 February 2013.

The presence of the absent parent:Troubled families and the England ‘riots’ of 2011. Revisiting Moral Panics ESRC Seminar Series - Seminar 1: Moral Panics and the Family, the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 23 November 2012.

‘They’re more than animals’: Refugees’ accounts of racially motivated violence. Discourse / Communication / Conversation Conference, Loughborough University, England, 21-23 March 2012.

Racism and refugee talk: Discourse and racially motivated violence. The British Psychological Society Social Psychology Section Annual Conference, University of Cambridge, England, 6-8 September 2011.

Asylum seeker and refugee discourse on life in Scotland. The Glasgow Refugee, Asylum and Migration Network Inaugural Postgraduate Colloquium: The 1951 UN Refugee Convention - 60 Years On, University of Glasgow, Scotland, 13 June 2011.

‘It is about integration’: The discursive construction of integration among professionals who work with asylum seekers and refugees in Scotland. Migration: Economic change, social challenge, University College London, England, 6-9 April 2011.

Professional discourse on asylum seekers and refugees in Scotland. The University of Edinburgh Migration and Citizenship PhD Workshop, Edinburgh

Research interests

Research interests

Criminal Justice, Restorative Justice, Asylum, Discourse Analysis, Identity, Refugees

I undertake research on identity, justice and citizenship in relation to people who have been responsible for or harmed by crime or injustice. Most of my research involves discursive social psychological methods or evaluation research methods. My research is intended to enhance our understanding of issues of identity and citizenship in relation to justice and injustice, and explore the ethics and effectiveness of responses to crime, with the purpose of improving society's response to those who have caused or been harmed by crime or injustice. My four main areas of research interest are: 1) criminal justice social work; 2) restorative justice; 3) refugee integration; 4) hate crime. 

I am a Co-Principal Investigator (with Dr Muireann Ní Raghallaigh, University College Dublin) on 'A comparative case-study of refugee integration in Scotland and Ireland', part of the Scottish Irish Migration Initiative, funded by the Strategic Partnership Fund between University College Dublin and the University of Edinburgh. This project will develop an in-depth understanding of how asylum seeking and refugee families integrate into local communities.

I was a Co-Investigator on the project 'Criminal Justice Social Work: Exploring Gender Issues', with Prof Viv Cree and Dr Trish McCulloch, funded by Social Work Scotland. We used archival research, surveys and focus groups to examine the role of gender in the development and current operation of Criminal Justice Social Work in Scotland.

I was co-lead on the knowledge exchange programme 'Developing Restorative Justice in Scotland: Learning from local and international experience', funded by the Scottish Universities Insight Institute, which ran throughout 2017.

I analysed UK parliamentary debates on the European refugee 'crisis', focusing on the humanisation of refugees, integration and references to history.

I worked with colleagues at Ipsos MORI, the University of Stirling and the University of Glasgow to undertake an evaluation of the Scottish Government's Reducing Reoffending Change Fund.

I worked with Prof Viv Cree and the social media analysis company SoDash, exploring the potential for using Artificial Intelligence to assist with social science research on feminism and Twitter.

I was Co-Investigator on the Camphill Social Pedagogy Pilot Evaluation, with Dr Autumn Roesch-Marsh and Sheila Cooper.

I have conducted a study that applies discourse analysis to video recordings of criminal justice social work groupwork sessions with people on community sentences.

Click here to view my Google Scholar page.

Click here to view my entry in Edinburgh Research Explorer, which includes links to open access versions of my publications.

You can follow me on Twitter: @KirkwoodSteve

Topics interested in supervising

I am happy to consider supervising PhD candidates on any topics broadly related to my research interests described above. In particular, I am interested in projects that relate to criminal justice, desistance from crime, asylum seeking, discrimination, discourse analysis and / or the study of interaction.

If you are interested in being supervised by Steve Kirkwood, please see the links below (opening in new windows) for more information:

Works within

Publications by user content

Publication Research Explorer link
Kirkwood S, Devaney J, Ross B. Writing an essay. In Ross B, editor, Writing Skills for Social Work Students. Red Globe Press. 2021. (Macmillan Study Skills).
Jennings B, Cree VE, Kirkwood S. Agency and exploitation: Two sides of one coin? Women’s experiences of selling sex and engaging with NGOs in Dhaka. International Social Work. 2020 Oct 6. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020872820959371
McCulloch T, Cree VE, Kirkwood S, Mullins E. ‘Within my work environment I don’t see gender as an issue’: Reflections on gender from a study of criminal justice social workers in Scotland. Probation Journal. 2020 Jul 17. https://doi.org/10.1177/0264550520939153
Kirkwood S, Hamad R. Restorative justice informed criminal justice social work and probation services. Probation Journal. 2019 Dec 1;66(4):398-415. https://doi.org/10.1177/0264550519880595
Mullins E, Kirkwood S. Dams, barriers and beating yourself up: Shame in groupwork for addressing sexual offending. Journal of Social Work Practice. 2019 Dec;33(4):369-384. https://doi.org/10.1080/02650533.2019.1594735
Goodman S, Kirkwood S. Political and media discourses about integrating refugees in the UK. European Journal of Social Psychology. 2019 Dec;49(7):1456-1470. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2595
Mullins E, Kirkwood S. Co-authoring desistance narratives: Analysing interactions in groupwork for addressing sexual offending. Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2019 Jul 24.
Kirkwood S. History in the service of politics: Constructing narratives of history during the European refugee “crisis”. Political Psychology. 2019 Apr;40(2):297-313. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12511
Kirkwood S, Roesch-Marsh A, Cooper S. Evaluating social pedagogy in the UK: Methodological issues. Qualitative Social Work. 2019 Jan 1;18(1):8-23. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473325017699266
Cree VE, Kirkwood S, McCulloch T, Mullins E. Criminal justice social work: Exploring gender issues: Reflections on the 1968 Act. Edinburgh: Social Work Scotland, 2018. 19 p.
Kirkwood S, Cree VE, Winterstein D, Nuttgens A, Sneddon J. Encountering #Feminism on Twitter: Reflections on a research collaboration between social scientists and computer scientists. Sociological Research Online. 2018 Dec 1;23(4):763-779. https://doi.org/10.1177/1360780418781615
Kirkwood S, Goodman S. Discursive psychological research on refugees. In Gibson S, editor, Discourse, Peace, and Conflict: Discursive Psychology Perspectives. 1 ed. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. 2018. p. 169-185. (Peace Psychology Book Series). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99094-1
Kirkwood S. Restorative justice. Glasgow: Iriss, 2018. 18 p. (Insight; 44).
Kirkwood S. Criminal justice social work. In Cree V, Smith M, editors, Social work in a changing Scotland. Routledge. 2018. 14
Kirkwood S, Jennings B, Laurier E, Cree VE, Whyte W. Towards an interactional approach to reflective practice in social work. In Lorenz W, Shaw I, editors, Private Troubles or Public Issues?: Challenges for Social Work Research. Routledge. 2017. 11
Kirkwood S, Munro M. Warm words and no action: The fate of restorative justice in Scotland. Scottish Justice Matters. 2017 Apr 13;5(1):2-3.
Kirkwood S. The humanisation of refugees: A discourse analysis of UK parliamentary debates on the European refugee ‘crisis’. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology. 2017 Mar 13;27(2):115-125. https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2298
Kirkwood S. Community justice in Australia: Developing knowledge, skills and values for working with offenders in the community [Book review]. Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work. 2017;29(3):135-136. https://doi.org/10.11157/anzswj-vol29iss3id425.
Verhallen T, Hall C, Slembrouck S, Kirkwood S. Managing arguments in social work encounters. International Journal of Child and Family Welfare. 2016 Sep 9;17(1/2):85-104.
Kirkwood S. Desistance in action: An interactional approach to criminal justice practice and desistance from offending. Theoretical Criminology. 2016 May 1;20(2):220-237. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362480615607624
Kirkwood S, Whyte W. Evaluation of the Reducing Reoffending Change Fund. Edinburgh: Scottish Government Social Research, 2016. 173 p.
Kirkwood S, Laurier E, Cree V, Whyte W, Jennings B. Towards an interactional approach to reflective practice in social work. European Journal of Social Work. 2016 Jan 27. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691457.2015.1126558
Kirkwood S. Developing restorative justice jurisprudence: Rethinking responses to criminal wrongdoing [Book review]. Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books. 2016 Jan;2016(Jan).
Kirkwood S. The presence of the absent parent: Troubled families and the England ‘riots’ of 2011. In Cree VE, Clapton G, Smith M, editors, Revisiting moral panics. Bristol: Policy Press. 2015. p. 169-178
Kirkwood S. The presence of the absent parent: Troubled families and the England ‘riots’ of 2011. In Cree VE, editor, The state. Bristol: Policy Press. 2015. p. 43-54
Roesch-Marsh A, Cooper S, Kirkwood S. Social pedagogy pilot project evaluation. 1 ed. Edinburgh: Department of Social Work, University of Edinburgh, 2015. 57 p.
Kirkwood S, Goodman S, McVittie C, McKinlay A. The Language of Asylum: Refugees and Discourse. 1 ed. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. 216 p. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-46116-2
Kirkwood S, McNeill F. Integration and Reintegration: Comparing pathways to citizenship through asylum and criminal justice. Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2015. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895815575618
Kirkwood S, McKinlay A, McVittie C. ‘Some people it’s very difficult to trust’: Attributions of agency and accountability in practitioners’ talk about integration. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology. 2014 Sep;24(5):376–389. https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2178
Llewellyn C, Ruus L, Burnett R, Kirkwood S, Smith M, Von-Jungenfeld R. Building a dataset of sensitive information. In 2014 IEEE/ACM Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, JCDL 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2014. p. 494-495. 6970241 https://doi.org/10.1109/JCDL.2014.6970241
Kirkwood S, Laurier E. Criminal Justice Social Work Practice and the Study of Interaction. 2014. 5 p.
Kirkwood S, McKinlay A, Mcvittie C. ‘He's a Cracking Wee Geezer from Pakistan’: Lay Accounts of Refugee Integration Failure and Success in Scotland. Journal of Refugee Studies. 2014. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feu003
Kirkwood S, McKinlay A, Mcvittie C. The Mutually Constitutive Relationship between Place and Identity: The Role of Place-Identity in Discourse on Asylum Seekers and Refugees. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology. 2013 Jan 31. https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2141
Kirkwood S, McKinlay A, McVittie C. ‘They're more than animals’: Refugees' accounts of racially motivated violence. British Journal of Social Psychology. 2012. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12007
Kirkwood S. Negotiating the dilemmas of claiming asylum: A discursive analysis of interviews with refugees on life in Scotland. eSharp. 2012;87-112.
Sambaraju R, Kirkwood S. ‘We represent, here, the interests of the free world’: Accountability in Israeli leaders’ media talk on the Gaza Crisis (2008-2009). eSharp. 2010;15:133 - 156.
Kirkwood S. Restorative Justice Cases in Scotland: Factors Related to Participation, the Restorative Process, Agreement Rates and Forms of Reparation. European Journal of Criminology. 2010;7(2):107–122. https://doi.org/10.1177/1477370809343036
Kirkwood S, Richley T. Circles of support and accountability: The case for their use in Scotland to assist in the community reintegration and risk management of sexual offenders. SCOLAG Legal Journal. 2008 Oct 1;2008(October):236-239.
Kirkwood S, Richley T. Supported accommodation services for offenders. SCOLAG Legal Journal. 2008 Jun 1;2008(June):141-142.
Kirkwood S, Dickie D. The case for bail supervision. Scottish Criminal Law. 2008 Feb 1;2008(February):264-267.
Kirkwood S, Richley T. Supported Accommodation Services for Offenders: A Research Literature Review. CJSWDC Briefing Papers. 2008;11.
Kirkwood S. Evidencing the Impact of Criminal Justice Services on Re-offending. CJScotland, 2008. 14 p.
Richley T, Kirkwood S. The case for circles of support and accountability in Scotland. The Scottish Journal of Criminal Justice Studies. 2008;14:26-30.
Kearney N, Kirkwood S, MacFarlane L. Restorative Justice (Diversion) Services Monitoring and Evaluation Report 2006/07. SACRO, 2007. 12 p.
Brookes D, Kirkwood S. Will the Victim Statement scheme secure greater participation for victims in the criminal justice process? CJScotland, 2007. 6 p.
Nicol WJ, Kirkwood S, MacFarlane L. Youth Justice Services Evaluation report: April 2004 – March 2005. SACRO, 2006. 32 p.
Kearney N, Kirkwood S, MacFarlane L. Restorative justice in Scotland: An overview. British Journal of Community Justice. 2006;4(3):55-65.
Sibley CG, Liu JH, Kirkwood S. Towards a social representational theory of attitude change: The effect of message framing on general and specific attitudes toward affirmative action. New Zealand Journal of Psychology. 2006;35:3-13 .
Sibley CG, Robertson A, Kirkwood S. Pakeha attitudes toward the symbolic and resource-specific aspects of bicultural policy in New Zealand: The legitimizing role of collective guilt for historical injustices. New Zealand Journal of Psychology. 2005 Nov 1;34(3):171-180.
Kirkwood S, Liu JH, Weatherall A. Challenging the Standard Story of Indigenous Rights in Aotearoa / New Zealand. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology. 2005 Nov;15(6):493-505. https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.837