Covid-19 has not made people any less concerned about climate change – despite the pandemic disrupting and dominating many aspects of their lives, a study suggests.
Over a period of 14 months – including the first three months of the Covid-19 lockdown – neither concern about climate change nor belief in the severity of the problem declined in the UK, the research found.
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Researchers on the project, led by the School of Social and Political Science’s Dr Darrick Evensen, compared responses to the pandemic with the financial crisis of 2008 to better understand how worries and priorities can change in a crisis.
In contrast to the economic collapse of 2008, which led to reduced concern with environmental issues, the pandemic has not decreased people’s belief in the severity of climate change.
The findings shed light on how a concept called the finite pool of worry applies to climate change. The theory proposes that there are only so many things a person can care about, and when a major crisis happens, some concerns are replaced by others. However, in this case climate change was not replaced by other issues, researchers say.
Researchers at the University of Edinburgh surveyed 1,858 people in the UK in April 2019 and asked the same questions again in June 2020.
The survey included five questions to gauge people’s beliefs about the reality of climate change, and four about how severe they think it is.
The results showed only small shifts in public opinion. Participants’ answers to four of the five questions about the reality of human-caused climate change showed slightly increased concern since the onset of the pandemic.
Only one of the four questions about the seriousness of climate change showed a slight reduction, while the other responses showed no marked change in views.
The results suggest that climate change may now be a permanent part of people’s concerns, the researchers say.
“Following the financial crisis, it seemed that climate change was one thing that gave, and most people saw it as less of a problem. We are not seeing that same crowding out of climate change as an issue of concern now. This means heightened societal attention to climate change is here to stay.” Dr Darrick Evensen, School of Social and Political Science.
The study is published in PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America).
This study was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Unconventional Hydrocarbons in the UK Energy System Programme.
It was carried out in partnership with the Universities of Exeter, Bath, Heriot-Watt and Stirling.