School of Social and Political Science

Ann Bruce

Job Title

Senior Lecturer

Photo
Staff member photo

Room number

G.32

Building (Address)

Old Surgeons' Hall

Street (Address)

High School Yards

City (Address)

Edinburgh

Country (Address)

UK

Post code (Address)

EH1 1LZ

Background

@Hill_ResULTS

I am an interdisciplinary researcher with a background in both social and natural sciences. My research interests cover innovation and regulation of life science industries, particularly involving animal biosciences. My research has involved understanding emerging life science developments in their commercial, social, ethical, policy and regulatory environments.

I have postgraduate degrees in both natural and social sciences and a long-term interest in innovation in the lifesciences, particularly agriculture. I worked in the agricultural industry and subsequently enjoyed a portfolio career at the Roslin Institute and the University of Edinburgh, while completing a part-time PhD at the Open University. I worked as a Senior Research Fellow at the ESRC Innogen Centre, as ESRC- NERC Agri-food Industry Knowledge Exchange Fellow and undertook an ESRC-Defra policy placement.

Postgraduate teaching

I convene courses on Innovation in Sustainable Food Systems, both for the MSc in Bioeconomy, Innovation and Governance, and on-line MSc on Global Food Security and Nutrition.

Other teaching activities

I have worked closely with Catherine Lyall in running capacity building workshops around conducting interdisciplinary research.

Publications

My Edinburgh Research Explorer listing can be accessed here

Selected Journal articles

Adam, K.E., Bruce,A., Corbishley, A. (2021) Veterinary interventions to improve neonatal survival of British beef and sheep farms: a qualitative study. Frontiers in Veterinary Science https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2021.619889/full

Bruce, A., Jackson, C., Lamprinopoulou, C. (2021) Social networks and farming resilience. Outlook on Agriculture https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0030727020984812

Buller, H., Adam, K., Bard, A., Bruce, A., Chan, K.W. (Ray), Hinchliffe, S., Morgans, L., Rees, G., Reyher, K., (2020). Veterinary diagnostic practice and the use of rapid tests in antimicrobial stewardship on UK livestock farms. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7, 765. It is open access and available: Here

Lowe, J.W.E. & Bruce, A. (2019) Genetics without genes? The centrality of genetic markers in livestock genetics and genomics. History and Philosophy of Life Sciences.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40656-019-0290-x

Bruce, A. & Bruce D. (2019) Genome Editing and Responsible Innovation, can they be reconciled?

Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10806-019-09789-w

Mittra, J., Bruce, A., Scannell, J. & Tait, J. (2019) Regulatory and market influences on innovation pathways for the development of new antimicrobial drugs. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management DOI: 10.1080/09537325.2019.1634253

Bruce, A. & Spinardi, G. (2018) On a wing and hot air: Eco-modernisation, epistemic lock-in, and the barriers to greening aviation and ruminant farming. Energy Research & Social Science 40:36-44

Bruce, A. (2017) Genome edited animals: Learning from GM Crops? Transgenic Research 26(3): 385-398 DOI:10.1007/s11248-017-0017-2 available at:

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11248-017-0017-2

Bruce, A. Book review of Derek Byerlee, Walter P. Falcon and Rosamond L. Naylor: the tropical oil crop revolution: food, feed, fuel and forests. Food Security 10.1007/s12571-017-0698-7

Bruce, A. & O'Callaghan, K. (2016) Inside out: knowledge brokering by short-term policy placements. Evidence & Policy 12(3):363-80

Bruce, A. (2015) Critical role of animal science research in food security and sustainability. Food Security DOI: 10.1007/s12571-015-0520-3 (Book review)

Scannell, J. W. & Bruce, A. (2015) Antibiotics: expect to use less, more responsibly. Veterinary Record 177(7): 168-170 doi: 10.1136/vr.h4275 (Editorial)

Lyall, C., Meagher, L. & Bruce A. (2014) A rose by any other name? Transdisciplinarity in the context of UK research policy. Futures doi:10.1016/j.futures.2014.08.009

Bruce, A (2013) ‘The lore of low methane livestock: co-producing technology and animals for reduced climate change impact’, Life Sciences, Society and Policy 9 (10) DOI:10.1186/2195â€7819â‘9â‘10.

Bruce, A., Castle, D., Gibbs, C., Tait, J., & Whitelaw, CBAW (2013) ‘Novel GM animal technologies and their governance’ Transgenic Research 22:681-695 DOI 10.1007/s11248-013-9724-5 ISSN 0962-8819

Lyall, C., Bruce, A., Marsden, W. and Meagher, L. (2013) ‘The role of funding agencies in creating interdisciplinary knowledge’. Science and Public Policy 40: 62-71

Haddow, G., Bruce, A., Calvert, J., Harmon, S.H.E. and Marsden, W. (2010) ‘Not ‘human’ enough to be human but not ‘animal’ enough to be animal – the case of the HFEA, cybrids and xenotransplants in the UK. New Genetics and Society, March, 29 (1): 3 - 17

Suk, J., Bruce, A., Gertz, R., Warkup, C., Whitelaw, C.B.A., Braun, A., Oram, C., Rodriguez-Cerezo, E. and Papatryfon, I. (2007), Dolly for dinner? Assessing commercial and regulatory trends in cloned livestock, Nature Biotechnology, Vol. 25, Issue 1, pp. 47-53

Bruce A., Lyall C., Tait J., Williams R. (2004) Interdisciplinary Integration in the Fifth Framework Programme, Futures, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp. 457-470

Lyall, C., Bruce, A., Firn, J., Firn, M. and Tait, J. (2004) ;Assessing End-use Relevance of Public Sector Research Organisations, Research Policy, Vol.33, Issue 1, pp.73-87

Tait, J. and Bruce, A. (2001) 'Globalisation and Transboundary Risk Regulation: Pesticides and Genetically Modified Crops', Health, Risk and Society, Vol 3, Issue 1, pp. 99-112

Selected Books & Book Chapters

Bruce, A. (2016) Gene editing animals - part of a utopian future? In Olsson, IAS, Araújo, SM & Vieira, MF (eds) Food futures: ethics, science and culture, Wageningen Publishers, Netherlands, pp 513-517

Bruce, A. (2012) Fewer burps in your burgers or more birds in the bush? pp 207-212 in Potthast, T. and Meisch, S. (eds) 'Climate change and sustainable development: ethical perspectives on land use and food production', Wageningen Academic Publishers, Netherlands

Lyall, C. Bruce, A. Tait, J. and Meagher, L. (2011) Interdisciplinary Research Journeys: Practical Strategies for Capturing Creativity¸LondonBloomsbury Academic

Selected Research Reports

Tait, J., Bruce, A,, Mittra, J., Purves, J., Scannell, J. (2014) Regulation-innovation interactions and the development of antimicrobial drugs for human diseases. Independent review on Anti-Microbial resistance. Report to ESRC.

Scannel, J. & Bruce, A, (2014) Supplementary Report 3 - Regulation-innovation interactions in the development of veterinary antimicrobial drugs and diagnostics.

Bruce, A. (2010) Attitudes to the use of rapid/point of care devices in the control of animal diseases. Innogen Working Paper no 86, March.

Patterns of information use and exchange: case studies of researchers in the life sciences. A report by the Research Information Network and the British Library based on research conducted by Williams R., Pryor, G., Bruce A., Macdonald, S. and Marsden, W. (2009) on Understanding the Information needs and uses of life science researchers.

Braun, A., Bruce, A., Gertz, R,. Oram, C., Suk, J., Tait, J., Warkup, C. and Whitelaw, B. (2005) Series of confidential reports to the Institute for Prospective Technology Studies (European Commission Joint Research Centre) onAnimal cloning and genetic modification: A prospective study.

Research interests

Research interests

Environment, Participation, Sustainability, Risk, Agriculture and food security, Interdisciplinarity, GM, Animal genetics, Knowledge exchange, Animal biosciences, Values

Current projects

Halpin Trust (2020-2021) Management of species-rich wet meadows (machair) of Scotland, in collaboration with Floodplain Meadows Partnership and the Open University

European Commission Horizon 2020 (2019-2023) BovReg Identification of functionally active genomic features relevant to phenotypic diversity and plasticity in cattle. Led by Leibniz-Institut. Public engagement on livestock breeding.

Global Food Security project Nov 2017 - Oct 2021. The role of livestock in food system resilience in remote, upland regions. In collaboration with SRUC (Scottish Rural College) and RAFT Solutions Ltd. Funded through the Global Food Security's 'Resilience of the UK Food System Programme', with support from BBSRC, ESRC, NERC and Scottish Government.

ESRC Cross-Council initiative July 2017-June 2021 Diagnostic Innovation and Livestock (DIAL): towards more effective and sustainable applications of antibiotics in livestock farming. In collaboration with University of Exeter and Bristol School of Veterinary Sciences, together with the British Veterinary Association and leading veterinarians across the UK.

AHDB Sept 2018 - August 2020 Development of an Integrated Neonatal Survival and Sustainable antibiogitc plan. In collaboration with the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and the Universities of Nottingham and Bangor.

Completed projects

Other research activities

Co-opted expert member of Exotic Disease Sub-group of the Defra Science Advisory Council 2012- 2018

External member of SRUC Animal Ethics Committee 2013-2018

Member of the advisory group for Scottish Funding Council Knowledge Exchange project on control of paratuberculosis in cattle (PARABAN) 2011- 2013

Member of the oversight group for BBSRC/MRC public engagement with stem cell research project 2007-2008

Selected Grants Awarded

Halpin Trust (2020-2021) Management of species-rich wet meadows (machair) of Scotland, in collaboration with Floodplain Meadows Partnership and the Open University

Global Food Security project Nov 2017 - Oct 2021. The role of livestock in food system resilience in remote, upland regions. In collaboration with SRUC (Scottish Rural College) and RAFT Solutions Ltd. Funded through the Global Food Security's 'Resilience of the UK Food System Programme', with support from BBSRC, ESRC, NERC and Scottish Government.

ESRC Cross-Council initiative July 2017-June 2021 Diagnostic Innovation and Livestock (DIAL): towards more effective and sustainable applications of antibiotics in livestock farming. In collaboration with University of Exeter and Bristol School of Veterinary Sciences, together with the British Veterinary Association and leading veterinarians across the UK.

AHDB Sept 2018 - August 2020 Development of an Integrated Neonatal Survival and Sustainable antibiogitc plan. In collaboration with the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and the Universities of Nottingham and Bangor.

NERC- ESRC Agri-food Industry Knowledge Exchange Fellowship Jan 2012-March 2016 (part-time).

ESRC Small Grant Jan 2010-Dec 2011 ‘Mitigating the environmental impact of cattle and sheep: animal genetics and farmers’ readiness for uptake.’

Defra grant April 2011- March 2012 in collaboration with the Food and Environment Research Agency on ‘Investigating the benefits, costs and barriers to uptake of field diagnostics within the Plant Health and Seeds Inspectorate’.

NERC grant Feb 2010- Jan 2011 ‘QUEST: Capturing Lessons from Interdisciplinarity'.

Defra grant Feb 2012-Jan 2012 in collaboration with Tait, Castle, ADAS, RAND Europe & AHDB, ‘Integrated Advice Pilot Study’ to develop integrated advice packages for farmers on environmental issues whilst addressing their business needs'.

ESRC Defra Placement Fellowship Sept-Dec 2009 ‘A science and technology study on newly emerging diagnostic technologies in agriculture: exploring attitudes, behaviours & wider social impacts.’

Defra grant in collaboration with Biosciences Knowledge Transfer Network to begin to study how to optimise knowledge transfer in agriculture. March-May 2010.

European Commission Institute for Prospective Technological Studies ‘Animal Cloning and genetic modification: a prospective study’. 2005

Current PhD students

Completed

Stacia Stetkiewicz - Investigating Scottish spring barley production for areas of improvement in pesticide use: a mixed biological and social approach.

Abel Villa - The role of regional innovation systems in creating technological capabilities in the agricultural sector of Northwest Mexico: the cases of Sonora and Baja California Sur.

Giorgios Zoukas - Climate blogging in a post-truth era: Opportunities for action and interaction. Mainstream scientist produced climate blogs as a climate communication niche.

Sam Beechener - How co-innovation anticipates scaling: the modulating function of a co-innovation space..

Tair Mukhamadiyev - The WTO and technological development of transition economies: the 'crucial case' of Kazakhstan.

Juliet Kariuki - A gendered analysis of urban farming, its impact on urban poverty: A case study of Mathare Nairobi, Kenya.

Ongoing

Lorna Paton - Understanding farmer antibiotic usage to reduce the speed and spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria (external advisor).

Tara Wight - Enhancing plant resilience via stress-priming: a solution for sustainable agricultural development.

PhD topics

Find out more about the programmes that I am involved with (opening in new windows):

Staff Hours and Guidance

By appointment

Publications by user content

Publication Research Explorer link
Bruce A, Adam KE, Buller H, Chan KWR, Tait J. Creating an innovation ecosystem for rapid diagnostic tests for livestock to support sustainable antibiotic use. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management. 2021 Jul 9. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537325.2021.1950678
Bruce A, Bruce DM, Fletcher I, Lamprinopoulou C. Producing food in a fragile food system – a case study on Isle of Skye, Scotland. In Schübel H, Wallimann-Helmer I, editors, Justice and food security in a changing climate. Wageningen Academic Publishers. 2021. p. 140-145 https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-915-2_19
Mkenda V, Buller H, Bruce A. Exploring the willingness to adopt pen-side diagnostic tests to improve antimicrobial medicine use amongst Tanzanian livestock farmers. International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development. 2021 Mar 29.
Adam KE, Bruce A, Corbishley A. Veterinary interventions to improve neonatal survival on British beef and sheep farms: a qualitative study. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 2021 Feb 4. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2021.619889
Bruce A, Jackson C, Lamprinopoulou C. Social networks and farming resilience. Outlook on Agriculture. 2021 Jan 12. https://doi.org/10.1177/0030727020984812
Buller H, Adam K, Bard A, Bruce A, Chan KWR, Hinchliffe S et al. Veterinary diagnostic practice and the use of rapid tests in antimicrobial stewardship on UK livestock farms. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 2020 Oct 15. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.569545
Lowe JWE, Bruce A. Genetics without genes? The centrality of genetic markers in livestock genetics and genomics. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences. 2019 Dec 31;41(4):1-29. 50. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40656-019-0290-x
Bruce A, Beechener ES, Bruce D. Living with disease? Pig genetics, welfare and use of antibiotics. In Vinnari E, Vinnari M, editors, Sustainable governance and management of food systems: Ethical perspectives. Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers. 2019. p. 325 - 330 https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-892-6_45
Bruce A, Bruce D. Genome editing and responsible innovation, can they be reconciled? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. 2019 Jul 8;1-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10806-019-09789-w
Mittra J, Bruce A, Scannell J, Tait J. Regulatory and market influences on innovation pathways for the development of new antimicrobial drugs. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management. 2019 Jun 23. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537325.2019.1634253
Bruce A, Beechener ES. What advice would UK pig industry give to geneticists seeking to breed more disease resilient pigs? In Thomas C, editor, Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science. 1 ed. Vol. 10. Cambridge University Press. 2019. p. 126. (Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science). https://doi.org/10.1017/S2040470019000013
Doherty S, Reyher K, Barrett D, Bard A, Buller H, Hinchliffe S et al. Diagnostic technologies and antimicrobial use in livestock systems. Veterinary Record. 2018 Nov 24;183(20):626-627. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.k4913
Bruce A, Spinardi G. On a wing and hot air: Eco-modernisation, epistemic lock-in, and the barriers to greening aviation and ruminant farming. Energy Research & Social Science. 2018 Jun 30;40:36-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2017.11.032
Bruce A, Stetkiewicz S, Burnett F, Ennos R, Topp CFE. Perception vs practice: Farmer attitudes towards and uptake of IPM in Scottish spring barley. Crop Protection. 2018 May 26;112:96-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2018.05.005
Bruce A. Genome edited animals: Learning from GM crops? Transgenic Research. 2017 Jun 30;26(3):385–398. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11248-017-0017-2
Bruce A. Derek Byerlee, Walter P. Falcon and Rosamond L. Naylor: the tropical oil crop revolution: food, feed, fuel and forests. Food Security. 2017 Jun 30;9(4):883–885. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-017-0698-7
Bruce A. Gene editing animals - part of a utopian future? In Olsson IAS, Araujo SM, Vieira MF, editors, Food Futures: ethics, science & culture. The Netherlands: Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers. 2016. p. 513-517. 78 https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-834-6
Bruce A. Antimicrobial Resistance, Livestock and the Environment. 2016.
Bruce A, O’Callaghan K. Inside out: knowledge brokering by short-term policy placements. Evidence and Policy. 2016 Aug;12(3):363-380. https://doi.org/10.1332/174426416X14688669171927
Bruce A. Meeting the challenge of sustainable ruminant feed: Workshop report. 2016.
Scannell JW, Bruce A. Antibiotics: expect to use less, more responsibly. Veterinary Record. 2015 Aug 15;177(7):168-170. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.h4275
Lyall C, Meagher L, Bruce A. A rose by any other name? Transdisciplinarity in the context of UK research policy. Futures. 2015 Jan;65:150–162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2014.08.009
Lyall C, Bruce A, Marsden W, Meagher L. The role of funding agencies in creating interdisciplinary knowledge. 2015.
Lyall C, Bruce A, Tait J, Meagher L. Chapter 3 of Interdisciplinary Research Journeys: “Planning the expedition Designing interdisciplinary research projects. 2015.
Bruce A. National Research Council of the National Academies Critical role of animal science research in food security and sustainability The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 2015, vii + 415 pp. Paperback US$ 79, ISBN 978-0-309-31644-6. Food Security. 2015;1-2. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-015-0520-3
Tait E, Bruce A, Mittra J, Perves J, Scannell J. Independent Review on Anti-Microbial Resistance: Regulation-Innovation Interactions and the Development of Antimicrobial Drugs and Diagnostics for Human and Animal Diseases - Main Report. Edinburgh: Innogen Institute Report, 2014. 34 p.
Bruce D, Bruce A. Engineering Genesis: Ethics of Genetic Engineering in Non-Human Species. Taylor and Francis Inc., 2014. 337 p. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315870335
Bruce A. The Lore of Low Methane Livestock: Co-Producing Technology and Animals for Reduced Climate Change Impact. Life Sciences, Society and Policy. 2013 Oct 17;9(10):1-21. 10. https://doi.org/10.1186/2195-7819-9-10
Bruce A, Castle D, Gibbs C, Tait J, Whitelaw B. Novel GM Animal Technologies and their Governance. Transgenic Research. 2013 Aug;22(4):681-695. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11248-013-9724-5
Bruce A. Enabling environmental action by farmers. 2013.
Lyall C, Bruce A, Marsden W, Meagher L. The role of funding agencies in creating interdisciplinary knowledge. Science and Public Policy. 2013 Feb;40(1):62-71. https://doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scs121
Dicks LV, Sutherland WJ, Bardgett BD, Bell J, Benton TG, Booth A et al. What do we need to know to enhance the environmental sustainability of agricultural production? A prioritisation of knowledge needs for the UK food system. Sustainability. 2013 Jan 1;5(7):3095-3115. https://doi.org/10.3390/su5073095
Bruce A. Fewer burps in your burgers or more birds in the bush? In Potthast T, Meisch S, editors, Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Ethical Perspectives on Land Use and Food Production. Wageningen Academic Publishers. 2012. p. 207-212 https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-753-0_30
Bruce A. Briefing note on food sector opportunities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. 2012. 2 p.
Bruce A. Briefing note on animal breeding and genetics. 2012. 2 p.
Bruce A. Briefing note on the beef industry. 2012. 2 p.
Bruce A. Briefing note on the sheep industry. 2012. 2 p.
Bruce A. Policy briefing. 2012. 2 p.
Bruce A. Will beef and sheep farmers use breeding technologies to reduce carbon footprints? 2012. 2 p.
Bruce A. Newly emerging veterinary diagnostic technologies : exploring attitudes, behaviours and wider social impacts. 2011. Paper presented at British Society of Animal Science and the Association of Veterinary Teaching and Research Work. Advances in Animal Biosciences. Food Security - Challenges and Opportunities for Animal Science. 65th Annual Conference of the Association of Veterinary Teaching and Research Work, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
Meagher L, Lyall C, Bruce A, Marsden W. A Short Guide to Leading Interdisciplinary Initiatives. 2011. 4 p.
Lyall C, Bruce A, Marsden W, Meagher L. Key success factors in the quest for interdisciplinary knowledge. 2011. 4 p.
Marsden W, Lyall C, Bruce A, Meagher L. A Short Guide for Funders of Interdisciplinary Research. 2011. 4 p.
Lyall C, Tait J, Meagher L, Bruce A, Marsden W. A Short Guide to Evaluating Interdisciplinary Research. 2011. 4 p.
Bruce A. Over To You. Landscape - Defra's in-house magazine. 2011 Jan 1.
Haddow G, Bruce A, Sathanandam S, Wyatt J. Nothing is Really Safe: A Focus Group Study on the Processes of Anonymising and Sharing of Health Data for Research Purposes. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2011;17(6):1140-1146. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2753.2010.01488.x
Lyall C, Bruce A, Tait J, Meagher L. Interdisciplinary Research Journeys: Practical Strategies for Capturing Creativity. Bloomsbury Academic, 2011. 224 p. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781849661782
Bruce A. Can veterinary diagnostic devices help control livestock disease? ESRC "Britain in 2011". 2010 Nov 19.
Haddow G, Bruce A, Calvert J, Harmon S, Marsden W. Not "Human" Enough to be Human but not "Animal" Enough to be Animal - the Case of the HFEA, Cybrids and Xenotransplantation in the UK. New Genetics and Society. 2010;29(1):3-17. https://doi.org/10.1080/14636770903561182
Bruce A, Harmon SHE. Discursive Typologies and Moral Values in Stem Cell Politics, Regulation and Commercialisation: Some Preliminary Observations. Journal of International Biotechnology Law. 2009 Jul;6(2):61-66. https://doi.org/10.1515/JIBL.2009.10
Laurie G, Bruce A, Lyall C. The Roles of Values and Interests in the Governance of the Life Sciences: Learning Lessons from the ‘Ethics+’ Approach of UK Biobank. In Lyall C, Smith J, Papaioannou T, editors, The Limits to Governance: The Challenge of Policy-making for the New Life Sciences. Ashgate Publishing. 2009. p. 51-78
Haddow G, Cunningham-Burley S, Bruce A, Parry S. Generation Scotland: Consulting Publics and Specialists at an Early Stage in a Genetic Database's Development. Critical Public Health. 2008;18(2):139-149. https://doi.org/10.1080/09581590701824086
Bruce A. The public domain: Ideology vs interest. In Waelde C, MacQueen H, editors, Intellectual Property: The Many Faces of the Public Domain. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. 2007. p. 200-210
Lyall C, Bruce A, Tait J, Meagher L. A Short Guide to Reviewing Interdisciplinary Research Proposals. 2007. 4 p.
Tait J, Wield D, Bruce A, Chataway J. Health Biotechnology to 2030: OECD International Futures Project on “The Bioeconomy to 2030: Designing a Policy Agenda”. OECD, 2007.
Lyall C, Bruce A, Firn J, Firn M, Tait J. Assessing end-use relevance of public sector research organisations. Research Policy. 2004;33(1):73-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(03)00090-8
Tait J, Bruce A. Globalisation and transboundary risk regulation: Pesticides and genetically modified crops. Health, Risk and Society. 2001 Jan 1;3(1):99-112. https://doi.org/10.1080/713670175