Medical Translation in the History of Modern Genomics (TRANSGENE) is a research project that explores the development of genomic science across three different species: the baker and brewer’s yeast (S. cerevisiae), the pig (Sus scrofa) and Homo sapiens.
By combining historical research with quantitative and qualitative methods in the social sciences, it maps different ways of organising the practices of DNA sequencing over time and develops an extensive chronological and analytical history of genomics: from the yeast genome sequencing proposals of the 1980s to the completion of the whole-genome sequence of the pig in 2012.
When we think about genomic science, the success story of the Human Genome Project comes most readily to mind, along with the image of large-scale genome centres producing DNA sequences on an industrial scale. Yet other genomic initiatives in non-human species reveal that there were less hierarchical, smaller-scale ways of conducting DNA sequencing and, crucially, connecting the resulting information to medical and agricultural goals.
The project is funded by the European Research Council and has employed nine different people, including:
- historians of science
- researchers in Science and Technology Studies (STS)
- innovation studies scholars
- experts in quantitative Social Network Analysis (SNA)
The project started in October 2016 and concludes by the end of March 2022.
This project was funded by the European Research Council (Starting Grants scheme, number 678757).